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Tuesday, September 27, 2011

Turn up the heat on geothermal

A schematic representation of an ideal geothermal system.
(Source: Dickson and Fanelli, 2004)          

To read an editorial which was in the Tuesday September 27th,2011 edition of the Edmonton Journal entitled "Turn up the heat on geothermal" please click on the highlighted words in this sentence. I hope you were like me while I was reading this editorial, by this I mean I hope you caught yourself shaking your head! Why? Because statements like these from this editorial stand out!:

(a) northern Alberta is among the regions with the greatest potential for tapping the Earth's heat and creating energy through geothermal technology"....

(b"That means we are blessed with a renewal, non-polluting source of electricity right under our feet..."

(c)"What we lack are clean,renewal energy sources..."

(d)"The report, "Geothermal Energy Resource Potential of Canada,says as few as 100 geothermal projects could meet a significant fraction of Canada's baseload energy needs,especially in the West."...It (geothemal energy techniques and technology), produces almost no emissions..."

(e)"The report calls for greater government commitment to research, better land surveying to determine where the best potential is and test projects to get this renewal resource ticking as a major player."

Let  us now look at these five points which I believe are the most important aspects of this editorial! Firstly if Alberta is one of the areas of this planet which has the greatest potential for creating energy using Geothermal technology, why hasn't this fact been known to the Government of Alberta before this point in time? This fact suggest the Alberta Government has no plan for our province's energy needs in the future doesn't it? It also suggests that the Premier and his ministers are "in-bed" with the Oil Industry, and have been for such a long time that they have neglected to pay attention  and examine the potential for Geothermal energy in our Province! According to online research I have done:

"Prince Piero Ginori Conti tested the first geothermal power generator on 4 July 1904 in Larderello, Italy."

If the idea of geothermal energy has been around for that long, we have to state that the province of Alberta and the World for that matter has really dropped the ball, especially since this process and the associated  technology, "produces almost no air emissions"!! It is time the Government of Alberta use the potential we have in the Province to use Geothermal Technology!!! Especially if the source of this energy is rewable and non-polluting!

The fact that Canada would need only 100 geothermal projects to provide a significant fraction of Canada's baseload energy needs, is fantastic! That isn't even 10 per province and territory! What is holding back these provinces and territories from implenting geothermal energy projects in their boundaries? As far as I am concerned that is a big question which needs to be answered and the sooner the better!!

In Canada, something called the "Geothermal Energy Association exists (website at: )
At the website I found the following:

"In June 2011, the Geological Survey of Canada and a team of leading scientists in the field of geothermal energy have released a report detailing the geothermal energy resource potential for geothermal energy in Canada."

"The report confirms that “geothermal energy, as a renewable energy source, not only provides a clean and renewable option for electricity generation around the clock, but also efficient and competitive heating options for Canadians all over Canada”, said Alexander Richter, Director of the Canadian Geothermal Energy Association."

You may be thinking as I am, this geothermal energy idea seems like too much of a good thing. You may say, okay geothermal energy has its advantages, but what about its shortcomings as an energy  source, what about its disadvantages?

Well, Geothermal energy does have some disadvantages:Some of these disadvantages are listed below,however I have also indicted how these disadvantages can be mitigated using research from experts in the field.

(1)"Geothermal energy use does entail some environmental impact,"A few (geothermal facilities)                        do produce some silica and sulfur dioxide, both of which are largely removed from the vapors and either returned to the hydrothermal well or processed and sold for industrial uses. However, "Most geothermal facilities operate virtually emission free. Some even reduce sulfur emissions that would have occurred from natural venting if these sites had been left untapped."

(2)"Geothermal power plants do have high initial costs to drill and construct new facilities. But relatively high construction costs are paid back because there are no fuel costs." (source: same as above)  We have to admit that coal-based and oil based power plants also have high initial costs don't we? Secondly these other types of power-plants certainly do have the disadvantage of having significant  fuel costs over time!! And this use of fuel contributes to pollution of the environment!!

(3)"Using current technologies, geothermal power is primarily available where hot magma finds its way close to the surface and heats ground water to usable temperatures above 212F.These hydrothermal hot spots don’t occur everywhere. In the U.S. they are located in the Western States, Alaska, and Hawaii." (source: same as above).  Well, as I have already stated above,  "northern Alberta is among the regions with the greatest potential for tapping the Earth's heat and creating energy through geothermal technology". These hydrothermal hot spots may not exist in some areas of the world, which rules out the use of geothermal energy technology in these places unless the energy can be transferred to these areas  where there are no hot spots (which certainly is a possibility!!).

(4) Another disadvantage of Geothermal energy technology is this one:

"The big key to universal use of geothermal resources is the development of deep, hot dry rock resources. The key to that is drilling technology. Due to the hot, often corrosive, environment of geothermal resource areas, drilling for geothermal resources is far more expensive than any other kind of drilling.
Even in relatively shallow hydrothermal wells, drilling costs can amount to half of the price of a new generating plant." (source:same as above). According to this source however, this disadvantage can be mitigated in the future. This is due to the fact that:

"... drilling technology is improving. Drilling costs, on average, have dropped by a fourth in the last two decades. The big key to universal use of geothermal resources is the development of deep, hot dry rock resources. The key to that is drilling technology. Due to the hot, often corrosive, environment of geothermal resource areas, drilling for geothermal resources is far more expensive than any other kind of drilling.
Even in relatively shallow hydrothermal wells, drilling costs can amount to half of the price of a new generating plant.
But drilling technology is improving. Drilling costs, on average, have dropped by a fourth in the last two decades. As drilling technology improves, geothermal power plants could become universally available..!!!"  

Wow this is a fantastic revelation isn't it?

Drilling technology is sure to improve in the future as experts develop a better understanding of the technology and  as they also better understand  the concept of geothermal energy! What is even more wonderful is this fact:
"Geothermal resources may outlast the sun. There is enough thermal nuclear energy in our Earth to fuel the engines of civilization for billions of years. " (source:same as above). Obviously if these Geothermal resources might outlast the sun, then they will exist on the planet as long as all life on the planet exists!

(5) One last disad\vantage of Geothermal energy is this one:"Although the Earth's heat is ever-present, current or future geothermal sites may not be continuous sources of heat. Hot rocks must be managed well or the the water can cool the rocks. While some consider geothermal energy the most cost-efficient and non-polluting, there is as yet no guarantee that possible sites will provide desired quantities."
(source: )

This seems to be the main disadvantage associated with implementing geothermal energy and its technology!
"The western United States has the best geothermal regions in the country, while Iceland , New Zealand , the Philippines , and South America , are some of the more prominent global "hot spots." In Iceland , geothermal energy, caused by the constant movement of geologic plates coupled with the volcanic nature of the island, is used to heat 95% of all homes."

 Depletion of a Geothermal energy source may also occur. This is because "steam  is being extracted faster than it can be naturally replaced."  (source: ). Please read this article first before you read what I have stated below.

However,  as stated in the article directly above, this problem can be overcome in this manner: "...plant operators and steam suppliers continually seek new operating strategies to maximize future power generation coupled with daily injection of millions of gallons of reclaimed municipal wastewater." Even though improvements in efficiency and conservation are being implemented and in 1996 The Geysers was still producing enough electricity to supply the power demand of a city like San Francisco , it is projected that the steam field will be defunct in 50 years or so. To prevent this sort of thing from happening elsewhere, geothermal facilities can use a closed-loop system at all times, or the re-injection of water back into the system for constant steam generation."

If only certain areas of the planet are best able to access and use Geothermal energy and its technology, then so be it. It will still be better for these areas to use this  technology, rather than using non-renewable energy such as coal, and oil, because of the fact that the latter cause so much pollution to our planet in various forms! In addition, this technology will make us less reliant upon these pollution-casing energy sources, and that cannot be underestimated!!
Thank you for reading this blog post of mine! I hope you found this information interesting,education and thought-provoking! If you have views on using Geothermal energy or its processes please leave them as comments to this blog post by clicking on the word :comments" next to the posted time of this blog post and directly under the post! Thank you for doing so!

To learn more about Geothermal energy and its technology please visit the following websites:

Here are some  videos I found online about Geothermal Energy:

(1) Here is an interesting short 5 minute video about Geothermal energy I found on the Dailymotion website:

Geothermal: Energy Right Under Our Feet - by cbnonline

(2) A video with an emphasis on Canada: This video has an excellent part within it within which the process of  obtaining energy from Geothermal sources is presented:

Study: BP oil from spill not breaking down in Gulf

Above–A picture of the oil-covered bottom of the Gulf of Mexico.
To read an article entitled, "BP oil not degrading on Gulf floor, study says" which is at the Yahoo News website please click on the underlined words in this sentence.From the article:

"The study concluded that mats of oil — not weathered tar, which is harder and contains fewer hydrocarbons — are still submerged on the seabed and could pose a long-term risk to coastal ecosystems."

This is just awful! Why has the United States Government not done anything about this and not forced BP to pay to clean up the oil which is still on the seabed and in the water??

Friday, September 23, 2011

Sharks' Virus Killer Could Cure Humans

To read about some  fascinating new scientific research involving sharks which also relates to Human illness please click on the following link. This link takes you to a part of the National Geographic website:

Sharks' Virus Killer Could Cure Humans, Study Suggests

The above image represents the Chemical nomenclature for the chemical which is the focus of discussion in the National Geographic article. It is the organic chemistry representation for  the compound squalamine. "Squalamine, a compound found in sharks, has great potential for treating human viruses and is known to be safe for humans to use, scientists from Georgetown University Medical Center wrote in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Squalamine has been used in clinical trials for eye disorders and the treatment of cancer. Its safety profile is well established, meaning it could rapidly be tested as a new class of medications for the treatment of various viruses, such as hepatitis, dengue or yellow fever."

To see a video about this discovery in which Dr. Michael Zasloff, a professor at Georgetown University Medical Center, talks about how he first discoved squalamine in dogfish sharks, how it can be made in lab (to avoid having to harm sharks to get squalamine), and how its chemical properties could aid the fight against viruses like Hepatitis B, please click on the start button below:

Source of video:

Of course the best part of this besides the fact that this compound could help end  or help reduce the severity of several types of diseases in humans, is that Dr. Zasloff said the shark did not have to be harmed in this research! It is nice to hear a scientist use these words to describe scientific research!

Wednesday, September 21, 2011

Ivory Trade Revived by Chinese Demand

We want Elephants to be living like this in our world:
and not to suffer and die needlessly (see below) just because some humans on this planet want to use them for their tusks  to have and for "so-called "medicines", medicines which have never been scientifically proven to have any good for humans!

To read an article entitled, Ivory Trade Revived by Chinese Demand please click on the highlighted words in this sentence. As stated in the article:

"A long-dormant threat to Africa's elephant population is back with a vengeance, thanks to rising demand for ivory from newly affluent Chinese consumers."

On September 5th,2011 the news media reported: "Malaysian authorities have seized nearly 700 elephant tusks bound for China, an official said, the latest in a series of hauls indicating Malaysia had become a key ivory transit hub." As stated in this article:as:

"yet unidentified criminal syndicates were behind a series of recent attempts to smuggle tusks through Malaysia and authorities were struggling to keep up with increasingly sophisticated traffickers."
"It is our social responsibility to end this ivory trade. The world at large has branded Malaysia as a hub (for elephant tusks)," said Zainul, the national customs bureau's assistant director general for enforcement.

"Wildlife watchdog TRAFFIC (whose website is at: ),  has said the global illegal ivory trade has grown since 2004, largely due to expanding demand in increasingly prosperous China, where ivory is often ground up and used in traditional medicines".
(source: )

This is terrible news for the Elephants on this planet! We have to pressure the Chinese. You can do this by calling your Federal Government leaders and demanding they pressure the Chinese Government to stop their population from using elephant tusks for these "medicines". We also have to stop buying goods and services from the Chinese, if this is the attitude of some  their population in regards to another life form on this planet!

Thank goodness for Governments like Malaysians who care about the Elephant species on our planet!

"International trade in ivory was banned in 1989 after the population of elephants dropped from the millions in the mid-20th century to some 600,000 by the end of the 1980s."
"But seizures have escalated dramatically in the last seven years, driven by Chinese consumption, which is exacerbating Africa's elephant poaching crisis, activists say." (source:

It is nice to see that the following has happened in our World:

"African elephants may receive a boost from conservationists around the world, who intend to raise $100 million to help combat poaching and the illegal ivory trade. At a United Nations supported meeting in Switzerland, hundreds of delegates from various governments collaborated on creating a trust fund to help elephants survive. Germany, The Netherlands and France are some of the first countries to contribute to the fund. The plan is to raise the $100 million in three years, with other nations contributing as well. “We need a global outcry to spur investment in creating the necessary wildlife law enforcement capacity to take on the international criminal syndicates who benefit from these massacres,” said an elephant conservationist."

"Ivory is in strong demand from Chinese consumers who see it as a status symbol. Some hope has been perceived in the fact an African court recently sentenced a Chinese ivory trafficker to four years in prison, because enforcement of laws protecting elephants sometimes has been lacking."

A Big thank you to this African court which sentenced this Chinese trafficker to prison! Let us hope that other countries also do this when they are able to capture ivory traffickers!  Of course these traffickers would not be in business if there  was not a demand for ivory in China and other countries!

How can you as an individual help the Elephants of this Planet? Here are some things you can do:

  • "Let people you interact with each day know that there are only 30,000 Asian elephants left on the planet. (Imagine this in human terms, as under a third of a sports stadium crowd)"
  • "Do not support elephant poachers by buying ivory or skin products whether allegedly legally obtained or not . Demand causes death to these innocent creatures." (This is the most important thing you can do to save these elephants.If the suppliers of this ivory from elephants have no one to sell their ivory to, they cannot stay in business long!) 
  • Write a story or a letter to the editor  for your local newspapers describing the plight of the elephant and how we can all assist in their survival." 
  • Be an Eco-Tourist
    "Finding ways for people and free-ranging elephants to live in harmony is a major challenge. In some countries projects have shown that it is possible to influence positive attitudes towards elephant as long as local communities benefit, through tourism, from the presence of elephants. In this context eco-tourism based on respect for people, nature and local culture can be an important contributor."
  • Support Conservation Efforts
    "Another way to help elephants is to give your support to those institutions, projects and individuals who work to better understand and conserve elephants, whether this be through applied conservation or basic research. The Internet, which you as a web-surfer probably already know, is a good source of information on the types of projects that are being undertaken across Africa and Asia."

  • Sources: (If you want to help the elephant species financially please visit this link to find ways to do this).

    "The alarming level of illegal hunting could drive the African elephant to extinction across the entire in just 15 years from now says the director of IFAW UK (The International Fund for Animal Welfare)."
     (source: )

    We cannot let this happen!!

     We cannot let some humans cause this to happen!!! Please  watch this informative video and please share it with your friends and relatives:

     source of video:
    Source of images:

    Tuesday, September 20, 2011

    Weed invasion causing man-elephant conflict

    It seems every day I can go into the Google search  engine, type in the name of an animal or plant species and discover that the animal or plant species is being held as a scapegoat for something which was really caused by Humans. Today I found an article online entitled, "Weed invasion causing man-elephant conflict " which was written by Subhash Chandra NS and was pubished online at:

    In this article Subhash Chandra states the following:

    "The State Forest department has submitted before the High Court that exotic weeds like parthenium, eupatorium and lantana were growing in abundance in wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in the State, taking over native grass and creating a food scarcity for the pachyderms in the forests."

    Well if this is happening and causing pachyderms (such as Elephants) to not have enough food to eat, the logical and simple solution to the problem seems to try and  get rid of these exotic weeds don't you think, so that the food that elephants and other pachyderms eat there could grow in abundance once again? According to the article:

    "“Despite the efforts made to remove the weeds physically in Nagarhole, Bandipur and BRT tiger reserve –– these areas are part of Mysore elephant reserves –– it has not yielded results,” the affidavit said. With bamboo being the main food of several herbivores, including elephants, the affidavit said the department’s efforts to ensure artificial growth of bamboo have failed due to overgrazing by cattles belonging to the villagers in the fringes of the forest."

    In other words, humans are causing the conflict between themselves and the elephants, because they are raising cattle on this land, which are overgrazing, and causing weeds to overgrow in the areas being grazed.Because  of these weeds, the food that elephants need to eat to survive, is not plentiful enough for them, and now because of this fact, elephants are going to have to move around in order to find bamboo plants to eat from.When they move around, they may cause damage to human villages and human property,which causes some people to want to kill the elephants. However, it is human behavior which is causing this problem for the Elephants.

    As shown in this graph:

    a "dramatic inverse relationship between elephant and human populations in Africa.  Elephants are found where human populations are the lowest, or, as in South Africa and Kenya, where elephants are largely within national parks or preserves.The root cause of human-elephant conflict is the exploding human population growth and resultant pressure on elephant habitat."

    Throughout the elephant world, in Asia and Africa, humans and elephants are killing each other and destroying food sources.  Both the Asian and African Specialist Groups of the IUCN  ( International Union for Conservation of Nature   )have assigned task forces to address human-elephant conflict (HEC).  (source: )

    Now I would like to return to the article   written by Subhash Chandra, which continues in this fashion:

    "The department has also submitted that the anti-depredation cost (for scaring and driving away elephants when they enter human habitat) was increasing every year."

    Well what do you expect to happen if the Elephants do not have any food to eat and they do not have any place to live because so many humans are now living in the area, and some of these humans are using the land for farming and crops? It is the humans which are causing this man-elephant conflict to occur, yet it is the Elephants which are  being made to suffer and possibly even die, because they lack the food they need to survive! The elephants have as much, if not more right to live in these areas as the humans do! They have been engaging in foraging for bamboo, centuries before any humans were in these areas of the World. Elephants cannot change what they eat, unlike humans. Elephants cannot limit their population levels like humans can. Elephants do not overgraze land like cattle owned by humans do! Yet it is the elephants who you can be sure, will be blamed, if negative interactions between humans and elephants occur in the future in this part of the World! It will be the elephants who are killed or forced to move somewhere else not the humans, which is so unfair!  This situation, is evidence of how selfish humans are as a species! Humans have overpopulated this planet something awful and it is our species who is causing problems for other life on this planet, not the other way around! Humans need to stop overpopulating this planet,before this behavior is going to lead to  suffering and  death  for all of all life on this planet!

    As stated in the article:  "Human- Elephant conflict in Sri Lanka." 
    which you can read by clicking on the following link: 

    "Except at lowest densities, large wild animals and humans are fundamentally incompatible. This incompatibility increases rapidly as both animal and human densities increase.  The conflict between man and elephant is the result of competition for land and its resources, and it has become one of the most serious conservation problems, for which general solution remains still elusive. Crop raiding by elephants is a chronic problem in areas where cultivators live in close proximity to elephants. In addition the conflict includes crop depredations, destruction of houses and properties by wild elephants, loss of human lives, and the death of elephants from land mines. Elephants also kill and injure livestock and disrupt the social and economic activities of the local communities. The traditional approach towards mitigating the conflict in Sri Lanka has mainly depended on legislative protection of the species and reservation of its habitat."

    If humans and large wild animals are fundamentally incompatible,then it is humans who should be willing to give up things, not these wild animals, in order for both species to be able to live in harmony! Because of this incompatibility too many elephants (such as the one in the photo above) and other large wild animals are being used as scapegoats for the human-elephant confllct in our World!!!! 

    Source of image:

    Monday, September 19, 2011

    Amazing Mozart spanish guitar duet

    Unbelievable what talent they have!!

    And what about this version of Dueling Banjos? :)

    Does Canada have the stomach to save sage grouse?

    To read an article entitled, " Does Canada have the stomach to save sage grouse? please click on the highlighted words in this sentence. A key statement in this article is the following:

    "If the  sage grouse is allowed to disappear,  ... it will be “the first case where the oil and gas industry has caused the extirpation of a species in Canada.”

    We have to stop the Oil and Gas industry from causing the extinction of the Sage Grouse Species! If we do not it will be only the start and other plant and animal species will soon follow because of the selfishness and greed of Big Oil!

    To learn more about the Sage Grouse species before you write to Ed Stelmach, please visit these websites:

    As stated in the document:

    According to Steve Knick, a research ecologist at the Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center:
    "The negative impacts from loss of sagebrush habitat on sage grouse are indicative of what will happen to many other species of wildlife in these shrub-lands.“Sage grouse are being used as the poster species and as an indicator of fragmentation and loss of sagebrush ecosystems. The coupling of disturbance, invasion by exotic plant species, and human activities have changed the native vegetation communities and altered the form and function of these systems in such a way that sage grouse cannot exist as they once did.” Conservation of sagebrush steppe ecosystems will not only benefit sage grouse but also a variety of other birds, big-game species, and smaller animals such as the pygmy rabbit (Brachylagus idahoensis) and sagebrush lizard (Sceloporus graciosus)."

    Please write Premier Ed Stelmach using the form at this link and tell him that scientists are saying this about the Sage Grouse species and he has to stop development in the areas where the Sage Grouse are found in Alberta:

    Thank you on behalf of the Sage Grouse species and all plant and animal species which would be affected if the Sage Grouse species becomes extinct!

    This is a link to a  short film  produced for MT Audubon about the impact oil & gas development has on sage grouse,:

    Source of image:

    Sunday, September 18, 2011

    The Earth we abuse.....

    I found a quote  which I believe is so accurate our our species, and  it is also a warning of things to come if we do not change how we interact with the other life on this planet:

    "The earth we abuse and the living things we kill will, in the end, take their revenge; for in exploiting their presence we are diminishing our future."-
    Marya Mannes

    Marya Mannes "was born November 14, 1904 in New York, NY, and died September 13, 1990 in San Francisco, CA. Mannes was a well-known American author and critic, known for her caustic but insightful observations of American life."
    "According to her obituary in the New York Times, Mannes lived most of her life in New York. Her parents, Clara Damrosch Mannes and David Mannes, founded the Mannes College of Music in New York.
    Marya Mannes was an editor at Vogue and later wrote prolifically for the magazines The Reporter and The New Yorker. Mannes published a number of books of essays, sharply and wittily critical of American society, including More in Anger: Some Opinions, Uncensored and Unteleprompted. She was a much-sought-after social commentator on radio and television.She hosted her own television show in 1959, "I speak for myself"
    Other books by Mannes included Subverse (1959),a satirical verse,Out of My Time (1971), an autobiography, and two novels, Message From a Stranger (1948), and They (1968)." source:

    To read some articles about this  topic and learn some ways you can help stop this abuse of our Home, please click on the following links:

    Healing Our Culture's Abuse of the Earth 

    Mother earth has taken a lot of abuse from the people she allows to live on her

    10 things you can do to help Mother Earth

    39 ways to help save Mother Earth

    I hope you will take advantage of this chance, by going to these websites,reading what is stated there, and in doing so also make a contract with yourself  to change how you interact with Mother Earth on a daily basis.Thank you for doing so!

    Saturday, September 17, 2011

    Taiji Japan Doesn’t Just Slaughter Dolphins!!

    To read an informative blog post by Kirsten Massebeau regarding what is really happening in Taiji, Japan annually please click on the following link:

    Kirsten thank you for educating us about the true situation regarding the Cetacean life which is being murdered every year in Taiji!

    Image:Pilot whales being lead to their deaths by Japanese murderers

    Please watch these videos,this is the truth about Taiji!:

    (1) Please click on the link       

    Taiji Japan - The Yearly Dolphin Slaughter - [Very Graphical so be Aware!]


    (3 )  

    イルカを殺すな! Democracy Now !:


    A blog post to Premier Ed Stelmach The people of Alberta deserve answers and policies:Wolves and Caribou!


    Premier Ed Stelmach, as stated by Dr. Paul Pacquet in his article entitled, "Wolves fall prey to Canada's rapacious tar sands business"

    "On the pretext of protecting caribou, (in Alberta) wolves (in Alberta) are threatened with a cull. But the real 'conservation' is of oil industry profits" This sentence was written by  Dr. Paul Pacquet  in an article in the the Saturday, September 17th, 2011 online edition of  The Guardian.UK newspaper To read the entire article written by him please click on the following link:

    Mr. Stelmach later in Dr. Pacquet's article he states the following paragraph which is an embarrassment to all Albertans:

    "Clearly, the caribou recovery strategy is not based on ecological principles or available science. Rather, it represents an ideology on the part of advocates for industrial exploitation of our environment, which subsumes all other principles to economic growth, always at the expense of ecological integrity. Owing to the breadth of the human niche, which continues to expand via technological progress, the human economy grows at the competitive exclusion of nonhuman species in the aggregate. The real cost of Alberta's tar sands development, which includes the potential transport of oil by Northern Gateway and Keystone XL pipelines is being borne by wolves, caribou and other wild species."

    Well Premier  and your cabinet, once again you have embarrassed all Albertans with your lack of willingness to protect the wildlife in this planet, instead all you seem to care about is Big Oil!Now people in other countries are criticizing you and this criticism is causing me and everyone else who loves the Wildlife and the natural habitat in Alberta, to be shamed! Mr. Stelmach before you take your beautiful pension from the tax-paying citizens of this province,  and before you head off into the sunset with your Golden pension ,the residents of this province  have a right to know what You and your ministers are going to do about this situation which Mr. Pacquet discusses!! Your  so-called "caribou recovery strategy" has now placed all Albertans in the firing line for criticism from the World!  Not only has the situation with our caribou being justly criticized by Dr. Pacquet, but also your Government's lack of concern for the wildlife and all non-animal life in this Province has also been expounded upon by Dr. Pacquet, and other scientific experts in our World!  The residents of this Province  do not deserve such a position,nor do we accept it on account of you and your Government! We do not deserve to be scorned by  Dr. Pacquet, an internationally recognized authority on mammalian carnivores, especially wolves  (source: ) Premier Stelmach what are you going to do in response to this latest criticism of your Government and its lack of policies in these matters?

    Source of image of caribou:

    Friday, September 16, 2011

    Scientists discover a Planet that has two Suns!!

    According to an article entitled, "Planet with 2 suns discovered" at the CBC news website,

    "A planet that orbits two suns at the same time — just like Tatooine in Star Wars — has been found for the first time."...."researchers combed through data collected by the Kepler telescope, which is focused on the part of the sky containing the constellations Cygnus and Lyra and is designed to look for planets outside our solar system"..."Doyle's team identified 2,000 eclipsing binaries, then carefully looked at them one at a time..."My eye was drawn to some extra eclipses that occurred out of sequence," Doyle said in a podcast interview with Science. Some were caused by a third star — that is, the two-star system turned out to be a three star system."
    But in one case, the two stars were very small — just 20 per cent and 69 per cent as massive as the sun respectively — and the extra "eclipses" dimmed the stars only very slightly, indicating that the object that caused the dips was planet-sized."
    "Based on careful measurements, the team figured out that the two stars orbit each other every 41 days, and the Saturn-sized planet orbits the two stars every 229 days. The planet is denser than Saturn, suggesting that it contains rock as well as gas, and its distance from the centre of its orbit is about 70 per cent of the distance between the Earth and the sun."
    "The planet is thought to be cold and not habitable."


    According to an article at the following link: , has been given the name, "Kepler-16b" To see a video which relates to this discovery please click on the following link: .

    These lucky astronomers! Image how they must have felt when they discovered Kepler-16b had two suns!!
    Here is a link to a NASA article about the discovery! This article contains photos and videos about this discovery, Enjoy!! :

    Image above: An artist's impression of Kepler-16b.
    Source of image:Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/R. Hurt
    To see a larger image of the planet please click on the following link:

    To learn where Kepler-16b is located in the sky please visit the following website:

    Wednesday, September 14, 2011

    Oceans' increasing acidity likely to hurt biodiversity


    "Stanford researchers have gotten a glimpse into an uncertain future where increasing levels of carbon dioxide in the Earth's atmosphere will lead to higher levels in the ocean as well, leaving the water more acidic and altering underwater ecosystems." 

    To read a scientific article entitled, "Oceans' increasing acidity likely to hurt biodiversity "which the above sentence came from please click on the highlighted words in this sentence.

    What is Ocean Acidification?
    "Simply defined as the ongoing decrease in the pH levels of the earth’s oceans caused by an uptake of atmospheric carbon dioxide, the average pH of the oceans decreased by 0.075 from 1751 to 1994. Though this seems like a very small amount, this roughly 0.5% decrease still has great consequences, and is estimated to get progressively worse within the next 100 years (an additional surface water pH decrease of 0.3 is expected by the end of the century)."

    "The ocean is the world’s main sink for anthropogenic (resulting from human activities) carbon dioxide, absorbing roughly 1/3 of what is released (approximately 525 billion tons). Though this absortion has greatly helped by reducing the amount of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere, is has contributed to increased temperatures and pH levels of the ocean."

    "Ocean acidification occurs when carbon dioxide reacts with seawater generating carbonic acid, which breaks down into bicarbonate and a hydrogen ion, and further into carbonate and a hydrogen ion. These hydrogen ions are what contribute to decreased pH levels, making the oceans more acidic. The reduction in pH also reduces the availability of these carbonate ions which are vital for the formation of many marine organisms such as coral, shellfish, and plankton. Declines in these species would have devastating effects as they are the beginning of many food chains, are tourist attractions, and are necessary for successful fisheries. When the ocean becomes undersaturated with carbonate, structures made of calcium carbonate (shells and plates are made from this compound) will begin to dissolve. The lose os these species is thought to cause changes in Earth’s albedo, which is how reflective it is of sunlight. Altering the ocean’s albedo would also change its temperature, energy fluxes between the ocean and the environment, atmospheric and oceanic circulation patterns, precipitation, the carbon cycle, sea ice, and vegetation." (source:

    This is what an expert says we all must do on the planet to reduce the Acidification of our oceans!:

    Dr Richard Feely: "Ocean acidification is caused by excessive CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning. Collectively, all the countries in the world release about 7 billion metric tons of carbon as CO2 into the atmosphere each year. The oceans take up about 2 billion tons of carbon annually.  This means that as long as we continue to release excessive amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere the oceans will continue to undergo ocean acidification.  Consequently, no one group or nation can reduce ocean acidification.  All nations must work together to solve this problem."
    ("Dr. Richard A. Feely is a Senior Scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory in Seattle, WA. He also holds an affiliate full professor faculty position at the University of Washington School of Oceanography. His major research areas are carbon cycling and ocean acidification processes in the oceans. He received a B.A. in chemistry from the University of St. Thomas, in St Paul, Minnesota in 1969. He then went onto Texas A&M University where he received both an M.S. degree in 1971 and a Ph.D. degree in 1974 in the field of chemical oceanography. He is also a member of the U.S. Science Steering Committees for the U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Program and the U.S. Carbon and Biochemistry Program. He is a member of the American Geophysical Union and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Feely has authored more than 180 refereed research publications. He was awarded the Department of Commerce Gold Award in 2006 for his pioneering research on ocean acidification. In 2007, Dr. Feely was elected to be a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union. source: )
    (source: )

    Well now it is up to all of us! We must put aside our differences and work together to help reduce the level to which the Planet's oceans have been acidified by our actions!

    Question: How is it possible to cut back on fossil energy - with China and India among others growing rapidly. - Phil Kithil         Answer: Dr Scott Doney: There are broadly three approaches, all of which will need to be adopted by both the developed world and China and India in order to make a large impact on atmospheric CO2. These approaches are: increase energy conservation and efficiency; transition to non-CO2 emitting energy sources; sequester some of the CO2 from fossil fuel use (e.g., into old oil and gas wells; replanted forests, etc.). One argument is that if the developed world with there already high standard of living and past CO2 emissions does not lead on this effort, it is hard to expect the developing world to potentially slow their economic growth (and increased standard of living) to reduce CO2 emissions. (Dr. Doney is Senior Scientist  in the Marine Chemistry & Geochemistry Department at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. You can see his academic profile by clicking on the following link:

    "Will ocean acidification kill all ocean life?
    No. However, many scientists think that ocean acidification will lead to important changes in marine ecosystems.  This prediction is largely based on geologic history:  millions of years ago, marine ecosystems experienced rapid changes during ocean acidification events, including some species extinctions (see “OA in Geologic History” below).  Today, some species and the ecosystems they sustain are threatened by ocean acidification, particularly in combination with other climate changes such as ocean warming.  Examples include tropical corals, deep-sea corals, and swimming snails. These species play key roles in the oceans either because they build three-dimensional structures, which host a considerable biodiversity, or because they are key components of the food chain. Some species that build calcium carbonate structures, such as coral reefs, also provide key services to humans by providing food, protecting shorelines, and supporting tourism.  Evidence for the ecological effects of ocean acidification today can be found at “champagne sites,” locations where volcanic CO2 vents naturally acidify the water and small CO2 bubbles rise through the water column.  At one of these sites around the Island of Ischia (Italy), for example, biodiversity is reduced by 30% at the acidity level that matches the level expected globally in 2100." — Jean-Pierre Gattuso, Senior Scientist, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, France; Jason Hall-Spencer, Marine Biology Lecturer, University of Plymouth, UK

    How can we as individuals and as a species reduce the level to which our Oceans are being acidified?

    "There is only one practical way to avoid ocean acidification, and that is by reducing our emissions of carbon dioxide.

       As individuals, we can all take simple actions: turn off lights, inflate car tires to proper pressure, put high energy-using items like water heaters on timers.
    As a nation, we could cut our emissions in half relatively painlessly by doing three simple things:
    • Encourage personal energy conservation through a carbon tax with a full, equal rebate to each citizen (I changed this word from the word "American") , perhaps through their income tax returns.
    • Support investment in alternative energy sources such as wind power, along with a high-efficiency power transmission network.
    • Convert our coal-fired power plants to natural gas, which releases half the carbon dioxide per kilowatt generated."

    Here is a video which explains Ocean Acidification, presented by Dr. Jane Lubchenco of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Adminstration (United States Federal Government):

    Dr. Lubchenco " is a marine ecologist and environmental scientist by training, with expertise in oceans, climate change, and interactions between the environment and human well-being. She received her B.A. in biology from Colorado College, her M.S. in zoology from the University of Washington, and her Ph.D. in ecology from Harvard University. Her academic career as a professor began at Harvard University (1975-1977) and continued at Oregon State University (1977 - 2009) until her appointment as NOAA administrator.
    Dr. Lubchenco has served as president for the American Association for Advancement of Science (AAAS), the International Council for Science, and the Ecological Society of America, and was a board member for the National Science Board." (source: )

    My friend the choice is yours, are you up to the challenge to change your behavior in order to help reduce the amount of CO2 emmisions which currently are causing ocean acidification? I hope you said you are up to this challenge!

    Wyoming game commission adopts wolf plan

    To read an article entitled, "Wyoming game commission adopts wolf plan" please click on the highlighted words in this sentence. What does the fact that Wyoming is going to adopt this wolf plan mean?  It means this!! <:(

    "Wyoming would classify wolves as unprotected predators that could be shot on sight in most areas."

    I say that we need to pressure the state of Wyoming to drop this obscene ruling! How? By boycotting the purchasing of goods and services from Wyoming companies and their Government! It is the only way they are going to realize that this ruling is totally unacceptable!

    To contact the Wyoming Game and Fish Commission  please visit this website:

    To contact Governor Mike Mead  by email to tell him you are against his decision,  please click on the following link:

    Thank you for doing these two important activities! On behalf of the wolves of Wyoming I thank you! It is disgusting that the Government of Wyoming would give into lobbyists and decide to cull the Wolf population in the state,  when at the end of 2010 there were just 230 individual wolves in the state!!

    Source of image:Yellowstone National Park file photo

    Monday, September 12, 2011

    Photo of Jupiter takes award in Royal Astronomy photo contest

                                                  Source of image:
    The spacecraft Voyager 2 took this picture of Jupiter from 24 million kilometers away. The details seen in this picture include the cloud patterns of Jupiter. Also very noticable is the shadow of Ganymede that is casted on Jupiter’s atmosphere on the left. Io, one of the four Jovian satellites, is shown on the right.

    A Beautiful photo of  the planet Jupiter (not the one you see above)  has taken first prize in this year's Royal Astronomy Photo Contest. The winning image,taken by photographer Damian Peach,  shows Jupiter with its two moons,Io and Ganymede.Here is a link to the winning entry:

    You can see other photos which were entered at this link as well. Here is a link to the winner's website where you can see other photos of the heavens he has taken: Apparently Damian Peach was interviewed after the competition. You can play this interview by clicking on the following link:

    As stated by the winner:"This photograph was taken as part of a long series of images taken over a three-week period from the island of Barbados in the Caribbean – a location where the atmospheric clarity is frequently excellent, allowing very clear and detailed photographs of the planets to be obtained.
    ‘I’ve been interested in Astronomy since the age of ten and have specialized in photographing the planets for the last fourteen years. I’m very happy with the photo and wouldn’t really change any aspect of it.’
    Telescope used to take the winning photo: Celestron 356mm Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope (C14) with a PGR Flea3 CCD camera . Two judges give their impressions of the winning photo at the following link which is also the source of the information in the last two paragraphs.

    To learn more about the planet Jupiter please visit the following websites:

    For your listening pleasure as you read the information about the largest planet in our Solar system, I am providing you with the musical composition, "Jupiter" from Gustav Holst's "The Planets" below:
    I hope you enjoy the music and I hope you enjoy learning more about Jupiter!

    To watch a 44 minute video about the  planet Jupiter, entitled, "The Universe: Jupiter The Giant Planet" please click on the following link:

    To conclude this blog post, as one of my favorite television personalities, Jack Horkheimer on his PBS show "Star Gazer" used to say to end his show, "Keep Looking up"!!!

    Source of image:

    Thursday, September 8, 2011

    International Literacy Day 2011 celebrates peace

    Today, September 8th,2011 is International Literacy Day 2011! Thank you to my  friend Jeremy Horn for telling me this on Facebook!! Why didn't I hear anything in the news I read today that it was this important day in our World?

    "This year’s International Literacy Day, celebrated world-wide on 8 September, will focus on the link between literacy and peace. During a ceremony in New Delhi, India, UNESCO will award the international Confucius and King Sejong literacy prizes to projects in Burundi, Mexico, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the United States of America."

    "Also in New Delhi, an international conference on Women’s Literacy for Inclusive and Sustainable Development is being organized by UNESCO’s E9 initiative, from 8 to 10 September.
    On International Literacy Day each year, UNESCO reminds the international community of the status of literacy and adult learning globally."

    "Despite many and varied efforts, literacy remains an elusive target: some 793 million adults  lack minimum literacy skills which means that about one in six adults is still not literate; 67.4 million children are out-of-school and many more attend irregularly or drop out."

    How could the news and television media not have any coverage of this important day in our year??
    To learn more about International Literacy day please click on the link I have sourced above.Thank you!

    SDSS J102915+172927

    To read an article at the website entitled, "Cosmic Anomaly: The Star That Shouldn't Exist" please click on the highlighed words  above this link. This article discusses the the star known as SDSS J102915+172927, in the constellation Leo. To watch a video concerning this star, at the European Southern Observatory website please click on the following link: You can read another article about this star, which is entitled, "“Impossible” Star Exists in Cosmic Forbidden Zone" at the Universe Today website by clicking on the following link:  A scientific article concerning this star, has been written and posted to the website. This article is entitled, "The Star that should not exist" and can be accessed by clicking on the following link:

    Isn't it fascinating that scientists can make statements about this star like these??!! "The sun has been around for about 4½ billion years, but this star has been glowing for about 13 billion!!" and

    "Caffau's star" shouldn't exist at all. It's very deficient in two elements — carbon and iron — that many theorists believe are critical components for normal stars to form. It's also deficient in lithium, which is not essential for a star to take shape but ought to be present all the same

    "Most stars are composed of around 70 percent hydrogen and 28 percent helium by mass, very similar to what we see in the Sun."  (source: ) To learn more about the chemical composition please read the article, "The Chemical Composition of Stars and the Universe" written by  Michael Richmond by clicking on the following link:

    Source of image:

    Wednesday, September 7, 2011


    Ric O’Barry has asked us to write to the  PETITION TO WARN THE JAPANESE PEOPLE OF MERCURY DANGER


    Policy Planning and Communication Division
    The Department of Food Safety Bureau
    The Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare
    Tokyo, Japan
    Fax: +81-3-3503-7965

    Dear Minister of Health:

    There is worldwide concern that mercury accumulated in the human body may pose a serious health risk, especially to pregnant women and children.

    As you know, dolphin meat from drive hunts in Taiji, Wakayama prefecture, proved to be highly contaminated with toxic chemicals such as mercury, methyl mercury and PCBs. Repeated chemical analyses have shown that the level of mercury in dolphin meat is much higher than the maximum allowable level set by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan.

    We understand that the role of the Department of Food Safety Bureau is to promote food safety, thereby ensuring the health of the Japanese people. We urgently request the following:

    1. Prohibit the sale of dolphin meat that contains mercury exceeding the maximum allowable level set by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW). The sale of food items with toxic agricultural chemicals exceeding the maximum allowable level set by MHLW is already prohibited as a result of the “Positive-list System,” which was adopted in 2006. Since mercury is as harmful to the human body as toxic agricultural chemicals, the “Positive-list System” should also apply to mercury.

    2. Until the above request is put into effect, consumers must be warned of the dangers associated with consuming mercury contaminated dolphin meat, in much the same way they are being warned of the health risks associated with smoking cigarettes: Every store that sells dolphin meat must be obligated to post a prominent warning label on each meat package, stating as follows: “This food item possibly contains mercury exceeding the maximum allowable level set by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. Mercury accumulated in the human body may harm your health.”



    The Dolphins in Taiji We are their only hope!!

                                       Dolphins being murdered in Taiji waters
                                       Source of   Photo:

    At the present time in  the waters off of Taiji innocent dolphins are being murdered by some Japanese!This awful situation is repeated year-in-and year-out by people who see dolphins as competitors! These Japanese murderers kill these dolphins because they think dolphins do not have the right to have the same access to food that these Japanese do! This is so selfish of these Japanese murders! "The town continues to hunt small whales, such as melon-headed and pilot whales, as well as dolphins; commercial activities which are not regulated by the IWC (The International Whaling Commission). What these murderers are doing is against the law and against the morals and values of our World!  Acquarium owners actually gain access to the dolphins and whales in Taijii using the most brutual forms of transportation imagineable! Imagine being forced to live in a truck without adequate water, and food, well this is what these Japanese are doing each and every year illegally!
    "The Japanese fishermen are indiscriminate. They kill any species that approaches the coast. Sea Shepherd crew have witnessed the killing of:
    • Striped dolphins
    • Bottlenose dolphins
    • Pilot whales*
    • False killer whales
    • Melon-headed whales
    Striped dolphin Bottlenose dolphin Pilot whale False killer whale Melon-headed whale
    This is not a complete list. They kill any species that approaches the coast including those listed above and Risso dolphins."

    Dolphins have been found to be extremely intelligent! New scientific research has lead scientists to indicate that humans should be treating our dolphin friends as "non-human persons" (please read the article at the following link: ) As stated in the article: "The researchers argue that their work shows it is morally unacceptable to keep such intelligent animals in amusement parks or to kill them for food or by accident when fishing. Some 300,000 whales, dolphins and porpoises die in this way each year." Dolphins are extremely social in their behavior! They live in family groups just like we humans do and they communicate in a highly sophisticated manner just as we humans do. And yet at the present time the Government of Japan, and for that matter no Government on this planet is willing to do anything to stop the slaughter of our dolphin friends! 
     We have to stop this slaughter of dolphins in Taijii waters and in all of our World! What can you do to save dolphins from being murdered in Taijii right now?  Firstly you can make a pledge right now to stop visiting zoos and acquariums! As stated at:  "Some members of the dolphin display industry support the slaughter by rewarding whalers with cash for live show dolphins.  Others support the slaughter by simply ignoring it.Most of the approximately 500 dolphins currently held in Japan's 50 dolphinariums were captured during a violent and deadly dolphin drive hunt. Many of these Japanese dolphinariums are members of the Japanese Association of Zoos and Aquariums, also known as JAZA. Despite the fact that JAZA members keep the brutal dolphin hunt alive by doing business with the dolphin killers, WAZA welcomes JAZA as an association member!"
    Please sign the petitions at the website! Signing them may make a big difference in the lives of dolphins on this planet!
     You can also make a difference to the dolphins by calling Japanese embassies using the following list. Please be polite when you call. however also tell the Japanese that the Japanese Government needs to intervene and stop this illegal hunting of dolphins and whales in their waters! My friend you are the voice of our Dolphin and Whale friends,their only voice and they need you to speak out for them and tell the officials in these embassies that we are not going to tolerate the murder of our dolphin and whale friends any longer! Tell them that you are not going to buy goods and services from Japan unless the Japanese Goverment intervenes and stops this murder of our cetacean friends once and for all!
    If you want proof of just how bad the killing  gets in Taijii waters, then take a look at this photo, a photo which was taken in 2009: Yes that red color in the water is blood! The blood of innocent dolphins and whales, which were murdered by these Japanese!
    Doesn't this photo outrage you? Well you are not alone. Please take the time to watch this video, in this video you may see some people you are familar with! All of them share the same desire, to save our dolphin and  cetacean friends, and to act as their voice in the face of  this terrible injustice,murder and unlawful actions against them! Thank you on behalf of  the dolphins, whales and other cetaceans on this planet for reading this message. Please act to help our friends!

    The Cove PSA -My Friend Is... 2 min. version Directed by Andres Useche Produced by Fisher Stevens, Lina Esco, Chris Gartin from Andres Useche on Vimeo.

    Visit GM Alexandra Kosteniuk's Women's Chess Blog:Please click on the image below:

    Visit GM Alexandra Kosteniuk's Women's Chess Blog:Please click on the image below:
    Chess needs more women and girl participants and administrators!

    Thoughts worth thinking about

    "Our subconscious minds have no sense of humor, play no jokes and cannot tell the difference between reality and an imagined thought or image. What we continually think about eventually will manifest in our lives."-Sidney Madwed

    Laws alone can not secure freedom of expression; in order that every woman and man present their views without penalty, there must be spirit of tolerance in the entire population.- Albert Einstein Too often we underestimate the power of a touch, a smile, a kind word, a listening ear, an honest compliment, or the smallest act of caring, all of which have the potential to turn a life around. - Leo Buscaglia

    A person's true wealth is the good he or she does in the world. - Mohammed

    Our task must be to free ourselves... by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature and its beauty. -Albert Einstein

    The best way to find yourself, is to lose yourself in the service of others. - Ghandi

    The unselfish effort to bring cheer to others will be the beginning of a happier life for ourselves. - Helen Keller

    Aim for success, not perfection. Never give up your right to be wrong, because then you will lose the ability to learn new things and move forward with your life. Remember that fear always lurks behind perfectionism. Confronting your fears and allowing yourself the right to be human can, paradoxically, make yourself a happier and more productive person. - Dr. David M. Burns

    Life is as dear to a mute creature as it is to man. Just as one wants happiness and fears pain, just as one wants to live and not die, so do other creatures. -His Holiness The Dalai Lama

    Mankind's true moral test, its fundamental test (which lies deeply buried from view), consists of its attitude towards those who are at its mercy: animals. And in this respect mankind has suffered a fundamental debacle, a debacle so fundamental that all others stem from it. -

    Milan Kundera, The Unbearable Lightness of Being

    The worst sin towards our fellow creatures is not to hate them, but to be indifferent to them. That's the essence of inhumanity. -George Bernard Shaw

    Ego's trick is to make us lose sight of our interdependence. That kind of ego-thought gives us a perfect justification to look out only for ourselves. But that is far from the truth. In reality we all depend on each other and we have to help each other. The husband has to help his wife, the wife has to help the husband, the mother has to help her children, and the children are supposed to help the parents too, whether they want to or not.-Gehlek Rinpoche Source: "The Best Buddhist Writing 2005 pg. 165

    The hostile attitude of conquering nature ignores the basic interdependence of all things and events---that the world beyond the skin is actually an extension of our own bodies---and will end in destroying the very environment from which we emerge and upon which our whole life depends.