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Monday, March 1, 2010

2010 European Individual Chess Championships

The 2010 European Individual Chess Championships  begin on March 5th,2010 in Rijeka,Croatia.As you can see below, Rijeka lies in the west of Croatia on the sea, and it is Croatia's principal seaport. (source of map:http://www.visit-croatia.co.uk/map/)





Source of image of Rijeka,Croatia: http://www.deepspace4.com/pages/chemtrails
/chemtrailcro/chemtrialcomonfiles/pagesimages/rijekatown600.htm
Here are some facts about  Croatia and Rijeka,Croatia.

"Croatia is a Central European and Mediterranean country, bordering Slovenia in the west, Hungary in the north, Serbia in the east and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the south. Croatia also has a long maritime border with Italy in the Adriatic Sea. These borders total 2,028 km altogether. Croatia has a strange shape (similar to a croissant) - similar to no other country in the world - which comes as a result of five centuries of expansion by the Ottoman (Turkish) empire towards Central Europe (although Croatia was never conquered by the Turks)."




"Croatia covers a land area of 56,691 square kilometres and has a population of about 4.4 million people (2001 census). Over 90% of the population is Croat (the majority of whom are Roman Catholics), but there are also Serbian, Bosnian, Hungarian and Italian minorities. The main population centres are Zagreb, the capital (with a population of just under 800,000), Osijek in the northwest, and the ports of Rijeka, andSplit in the south. The official language is Croatian, which is written in the Latin script."







"The history of the area can be traced back to prehistoric times, although there isn't great evidence of any particularly large settlements or tribes from that time. Fast-forwarding a little, to around 1000 BC, a number of Illyrian tribes settled in various areas to which they eventually gave their name – including theHistri (in Istria) and the Delmati (in Dalmatia, on the mainland and some of the inlands).
The Greeks then conquered parts of present-day Croatia in the 4th century BC, although not to the extent one might imagine. Their main colonies included the island of Issa (which is Vis) and Tragurion (present-day Trogir)."

"The Romans succeeded the Greeks, and ruled parts of Croatia in much more emphatic fashion. Parts of what is today Croatia, especially the areas along the coast and Dalmatia in particular, became part of the Roman Empire around 9 AD. The major Roman settlements included Pola (Pula), Jader (Zadar), Salona (Solin, which is near Split) and Epidaurum (Cavtat). It was in Split itself that in 305 AD Emperor Diocletian built his palace, which is still very well preserved today."

"Around the early part of the 7th century AD, Croatian tribes (arriving from present day Poland) settled across various parts of what is today Croatia, in both the northern and southern regions. The Croats accepted Christianity around 800 AD, and soon established their own state ruled by princes or dukes.
The first prominent ruler in Croatia was Branimir, who was a duke of Dalmatia from 872 to 879. It was King Tomislav, however, who united the Croats in Dalmatia and Pannonia (north Croatia) into one Kingdom in 925. The Croatia of this time was a reasonably strong country within Europe. Tomislav was succeeded by Kresimir and Zvonimir."

"In 1091, as Croatia's lineage of Kings had come to an end, King Ladislaus of Hungary became ruler of Croatia. It was in 1102 however that an official union with Hungary was established, whereby Croatia retained its existence as a separate Kingdom and could be governed by its own Ban (governor) who would be appointed by the Hungarian King. This union with Hungary, under various guises and rulers, would last until World War I."

In 1918, following the end of World War I, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was formed (which would later be called Yugoslavia). This first version of Yugoslavia (which lasted from 1918 until 1941) was ruled by the Serbian royal family, Karadjordjevic, which naturally favoured the Serbs and caused enormous resentment in Croatia . Furthermore, parts of coastline (including Istria, Rijeka and Zadar, and some of the islands) had been given to Italy by the 1920 Treaty of Rapallo. The country was invaded by Nazi Germany in April 1941, which gave Croatia independence under the fascist dictator Ante Pavelic. This regime was known for its harsh rule and for committing numerous atrocities, and therefore many Croats (over 200,000) actively joined the resistance movement under Josip Broz Tito which liberated the country in May 1945. 

"Breaking ties with Stalin and the USSR in 1948, Yugoslavia prospered to a certain extent under Tito. A relaxed stance on ties with the West - unlike much of Eastern Europe at the time - meant trade and tourism in the country were allowed to flourish. Tito also did well to quash any resentments between the Yugoslav republics (as well as stifling any nationalistic feelings from these republics) and keep the country more-or-less united. After his death in 1980, Yugoslavia rumbled on for another 10 years or so. On 25th June 1991, Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia (as did Slovenia) prompting Serbian invasion. Almost all Croats rose to defend their country under the leadership of its first president, the late Franjo Tudjman (who died in December 1999), and after five years the country was liberated." (source:http://www.visit-croatia.co.uk/aboutcountry/history_of_croatia.htm )


According to the website: http://www.chessbase.com/newsdetail.asp?newsid=3024,

"04.04.2006 – Although it is slightly smaller than the US state of West Virginia, Croatia today has 17 GMs, 50 IMs and 82 FMs. The country can also look back on more than six centuries of chess.Chess in Croatia has been played for more than six centuries. The first written trace of the game is the posthumous inventory of belongings of a merchant from the city of Zadar, by the name of Mihovil, who died in 1385. It lists a small table and a chess set! It is documented that chess was played in Dubrovnik (in 1422 and 1434), in the region of Lika (in 1486) and Split (in 1535). The famous English historian and Orientalist Thomas Hyde in his work ‘De ludis orientalibus’, published in 1694, registered correspondence games between Venetian and Croatian merchants as early as 1650! Chess in Croatia was booming in the 19th century, owing to the intellectuals who studied in Vienna, Padova  The Croatian Chess Federation was founded on May 12, 1912 – twelve years before the foundation of the International Chess Federation FIDE."


Update:According to the FIDE Website, http://ratings.fide.com/topfed.phtml?ina=1&country=CRO Croatia has 27 Grandmasters.

 The 2010 European Individual Chess  championships are divided into two tournaments based upon gender (although in past years women have participated in the Men's Championships). This is the eleventh time the championships have been held. Some of the players participating in this year's championships include:


(A) In the 2010 European Women's Chess Championship:
---------------------------------------------------------


Starting rank list

No.NameFideIDFEDRtgI
1BULGMStefanova Antoaneta2902257BUL2555
2RUSIMKosintseva Nadezhda4134974RUS2554
3SLOIMMuzychuk Anna14111330SLO2533
4RUSGMKosintseva Tatiana4133471RUS2524
5SWEGMCramling Pia1700030SWE2523
6FRAGMSebag Marie617822FRA2506
7ARMIMMkrtchian Lilit13300601ARM2503
8GEOIMJavakhishvili Lela13601458GEO2500
9UKRWGMZhukova Natalia14101513UKR2492
10ARMIMDanielian Elina13300210ARM2491

To see the entire list of women participants entered thus far click on the following link:http://chess-results.com/tnr29568.aspx?art=0&lan=1&turdet=YES&flag=30&m=-1&wi=1000


(B) In the 2010 European Men's Championship:
    ---------------------------------------------

Here is a list of the top-rated players who will be participating in the 2010 European Individual Men's Chess Championship:


Starting rank list

No.NameFideIDFEDRtgI
1HUNGMAlmasi Zoltan702293HUN2720
2FRAGMBacrot Etienne605506FRA2714
3SVKGMMovsesian Sergei310204SVK2709
4CZEGMNavara David309095CZE2708
5ESPGMVallejo Pons Francisco2205530ESP2708
6RUSGMMotylev Alexander4121830RUS2705
7ENGGMAdams Michael400041ENG2704
8RUSGMTomashevsky Evgeny4147235RUS2701
9RUSGMAlekseev Evgeny4138147RUS2700
10GEOGMJobava Baadur13601520GEO2695

To see the entire list of men participants registered thus far click on the following linK

http://chess-results.com/tnr29567.aspx?lan=1
The official home page for the championships is http://www.eurorijeka2010.com/home
These championships both begin on March 6,2010 and run until March 17,2010. Best wishes to all of the participants in this year's championships!

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Visit GM Alexandra Kosteniuk's Women's Chess Blog:Please click on the image below:

Visit GM Alexandra Kosteniuk's Women's Chess Blog:Please click on the image below:
Chess needs more women and girl participants and administrators!

Thoughts worth thinking about

"Our subconscious minds have no sense of humor, play no jokes and cannot tell the difference between reality and an imagined thought or image. What we continually think about eventually will manifest in our lives."-Sidney Madwed



Laws alone can not secure freedom of expression; in order that every woman and man present their views without penalty, there must be spirit of tolerance in the entire population.- Albert Einstein Too often we underestimate the power of a touch, a smile, a kind word, a listening ear, an honest compliment, or the smallest act of caring, all of which have the potential to turn a life around. - Leo Buscaglia



A person's true wealth is the good he or she does in the world. - Mohammed



Our task must be to free ourselves... by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature and its beauty. -Albert Einstein



The best way to find yourself, is to lose yourself in the service of others. - Ghandi



The unselfish effort to bring cheer to others will be the beginning of a happier life for ourselves. - Helen Keller



Aim for success, not perfection. Never give up your right to be wrong, because then you will lose the ability to learn new things and move forward with your life. Remember that fear always lurks behind perfectionism. Confronting your fears and allowing yourself the right to be human can, paradoxically, make yourself a happier and more productive person. - Dr. David M. Burns



Life is as dear to a mute creature as it is to man. Just as one wants happiness and fears pain, just as one wants to live and not die, so do other creatures. -His Holiness The Dalai Lama



Mankind's true moral test, its fundamental test (which lies deeply buried from view), consists of its attitude towards those who are at its mercy: animals. And in this respect mankind has suffered a fundamental debacle, a debacle so fundamental that all others stem from it. -



Milan Kundera, The Unbearable Lightness of Being



The worst sin towards our fellow creatures is not to hate them, but to be indifferent to them. That's the essence of inhumanity. -George Bernard Shaw

Ego's trick is to make us lose sight of our interdependence. That kind of ego-thought gives us a perfect justification to look out only for ourselves. But that is far from the truth. In reality we all depend on each other and we have to help each other. The husband has to help his wife, the wife has to help the husband, the mother has to help her children, and the children are supposed to help the parents too, whether they want to or not.-Gehlek Rinpoche Source: "The Best Buddhist Writing 2005 pg. 165

The hostile attitude of conquering nature ignores the basic interdependence of all things and events---that the world beyond the skin is actually an extension of our own bodies---and will end in destroying the very environment from which we emerge and upon which our whole life depends.