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Friday, December 4, 2009

Analysis of Karjakin-Mamedyarov 2009 FIDE World Cup Round 5 game 1

Here is some analysis of the first game of the quarterfinal match between GM Sergei Karjakin and Shakhriyar Mamedyarov I used the World's strongest chess program, Deep Rybka 3 in analysis move for one hour. .I also used the database
Chessbase Megadatabase 2009 and the Chessbase online Database to help me analyze this game, and I added my own comments to help you understand what was going on. I hope you enjoy playing through this game. 


Here is the analysis in Html format:






Karjakin,Sergey - Mamedyarov,Shakhriyar [C83]
World Cup Khanty-Mansiysk RUS (5.1), 03.12.2009
[Deep Rybka 3]

C83: Open Ruy Lopez: 9 c3 Be7 C83: Open Ruy Lopez: 9 c3 Be7 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 The Ruy Lopez. 3...a6 An idea first used by Paul Morphy.Mamedyarov forces Karjakin to decide the future of his attacked bishop in the game. 4.Ba4 Nf6 Developing another minor piece,and in the process also attacking the unprotected white e-pawn. 5.0-0 Nxe4 This capture defines the variation of the Ruy Lopez being played,it is known as the "Open Defense". This defense has been used by Korchnoi,especially in his World Chess championship matches against Karpov in the 1970's. 6.d4 The main continuation.Karjakin creates a double-attack against the black e-pawn and opensup lines for the development of his pieces. 6...b5 The most popular move in this position,attacking the bishop again with a pawn, forcing it back to b3. 7.Bb3 d5 This pawn advance is the main continuation for black at this point of the game.Mamedyarov opens up the diagonal so he can develop his dark-squared bishop, and in addition reinforces his knight on e4. 8.dxe5 Karjakin regains his pawn and in doing so creates a discovered double attack against the black d-pawn,which wins him a tempo. 8...Be6 The lost tempo,however Mamedyarov was able to use it to develop another minor piece,which puts him ahead in development. 9.Nbd2 Karjakin develops another minor piece,which results in an attack against his opponent's knight. [Analysis:The main line in this position is to play 9.c3 Bc5 10.Nbd2 0-0 11.Bc2 Nxf2!? 12.Rxf2 f6 13.exf6 Bxf2+ 14.Kxf2 Qxf6] 9...Nc5 The most popular continuation,Mamedyarov avoids the exchange of knights on e4, and instead attacks Karjakin's bishop.Unlike in other variations, white has yet to create an escape square on c2 or a2 for the bishop, which occurs via the moves a2-a3, a2-a4 or c2-c3. 10.c3 The most popular continuation for White.Karjakin creates and escape avenue for his light-squared bishop, if Mamedyrarov does not capture the piece with his next move.This pawn advance comes at the cost of giving up influence over the d3 square,which the black knight on c5 could occupy in the future. 10...Be7 Mamedyarov completes the development of his minor pieces.This bishop move is the most often-played continuation for Black in this position according to Chessbase Megadatabase 2009. 11.Bc2 Karjakin takes the opportunity given him to keep his bishop on the board.By retreating his bishop,he gains more influence over the e4-square,preventing his opponent from playing ...Ne4. 11...d4!? Mamedyarov offers a pawn sacrifice. [Analysis:The main continuation in this position is 11...Bg4 and play most often continues with these moves: 12.Re1 Qd7 13.Nf1 Rd8 14.Ne3 Bh5 15.b4 Ne6 16.g4 Bg6 17.Nf5 0-0 18.a4 Rfe8 19.axb5 axb5] 12.Nb3 Karjakin spends a tempo to create a triple attack against the black d-pawn,threatening to win the pawn he first did not want to accept as a sacrifice. [Analysis:The most popular continuation in this position is to capture the offered pawn: 12.cxd4 and then play usually continues: 12...Nxd4 13.Nxd4 Qxd4 14.Nf3 Qxd1 15.Rxd1 0-0 16.Ng5 h6 17.Bh7+ Kh8[] the only move 18.Nxe6 Nxe6 19.Be4 Rad8] 12...d3!? Mamedyarov overprotects his pawn and creates an attack against Karjakin's bishop,winning a tempo. 13.Bb1 The lost tempo, and the only way to save the bishop from being lost. [Analysis:One other idea has been played in this position,the capture: 13.Nxc5 and then play most-often continues: 13...dxc2 14.Qxd8+ Rxd8 15.Nxe6 fxe6 16.Be3 Rd5 17.Rfc1 Nxe5 18.Nxe5 Rxe5 19.Rxc2 0-0] 13...Nxb3 [Analysis:The only other move I found had been played in this position according to my database was 13...Bg4 in the game Smeets-Vedder (2006).] 14.axb3 Bf5 Mamedyarov spends a tempo to prevent his dangerous d-pawn from being captured.This is the only move the second player has ever tried in this position according to Chessbase Database 2009 and the online Chessbase Database. 15.b4N According to my research,this move is a theoretical novelty for the position (it has never been played before).Karjakin spends a tempo to prevent his opponent from occupying the c5 square in the future (with his dark-squared bishop or perhaps his c-pawn).This comes at the cost of giving up influence over the c4-square. [Analysis:According to my research the only moves played in this position prior to this game were (a) 15.Be3 and (b)15.Re1. (a)Here are some of the games in which 15.Be3 was played: 15.Be3 0-0 16.Bd4 a) 16.Re1 Qd5 17.b4 Rfd8 (17...a5 18.bxa5 Rxa5 19.Rxa5 Nxa5 20.Nd4 Bg6 21.Bxd3 Rd8 22.Bxg6 hxg6 23.Qe2 b4 24.e6 fxe6 25.Bf4 Bf6 26.Bxc7 Re8 27.Bxa5 Qxa5 28.Nc6 1-0 Cheparinov,I (2687)-Jussupow,A (2587)/Amsterdam 2008/CBM 126) 18.Ba2 Qd7 19.Bg5 h6 20.Bxe7 Qxe7 21.Nd2 Be6 22.f4 Bxa2 23.Rxa2 Qe6 24.Ra1 Qd5 25.Qb3 Ne7 26.Qxd5 Nxd5 1/2-1/2 Smirnov,P (2579)-Iordachescu,V (2572)/Khantiy Mansiysk 2008/EXT 2009; b) 16.Nd4 Nxd4 17.cxd4 c5 18.Bxd3 cxd4 19.Bxd4 Qxd4 20.Bxf5 Bc5 21.Qe2 Rae8 22.Rfe1 g6 23.Rad1 Qxf2+ 24.Qxf2 Bxf2+ 25.Kxf2 gxf5 26.Kf3 Re6 27.Kf4 f6 28.exf6 Rexf6 29.g3 Rg6 30.h3 Rh6 Karjakin,S (2678)-Jussupow,A (2583)/Amsterdam 2007/CBM 120/1/2-1/2 (38) 31.Rd7 Rxh3 32.Re6 Rh2 33.Rxa6 Rf2+ 34.Ke3 Rxb2 35.Raa7 Rxb3+ 36.Kf2 Rb2+ 37.Kg1 Rc8 38.Rg7+ 1/2-1/2 Karjakin,S (2678)-Jussupow,A (2583)/Amsterdam 2007/CBM 120 (38); 16...Qd5 17.Bxd3 (17.Re1 Rfd8 18.Re3 Nxd4 19.cxd4 c5 20.Bxd3 cxd4 21.Re2 Qe6 22.h3 Rd5 23.Ne1 a5 24.Bxf5 Qxf5 25.Nd3 h5 26.Rc2 f6 27.exf6 Bxf6 28.Qe2 Ra7 29.Rac1 Re7 30.Qd1 Kh7 31.Rc5 g6 Topalov,V (2745)-Piket,J (2630)/Antwerp 1997/CBM 061/[Winants]/1-0 (35) 32.Rxd5 Qxd5 33.Rc5 Qb7 34.Qc2 Bg7 35.Rxh5+ 1-0 Topalov,V (2745)-Piket,J (2630)/Antwerp 1997/CBM 061/[Winants] (35)) 17...Bxd3 18.Qxd3 Qxb3 19.Qe4 Nxd4 20.Nxd4 Qxb2 21.Nf5 Rae8 22.Rxa6 Qxc3 23.Rc6 Bc5 24.Qg4 g6 25.Nh6+ Kg7 26.Nf5+ Kh8 27.Qg5 Bxf2+ 28.Rxf2 Qxc6 29.Qh6 Rg8 Maus,S (2400)-Pieper Emden,C (2350)/Germany 1989/GER-chT/0-1 (37) 30.Nd4 Qd7 31.Nf3 b4 32.h4 b3 33.Ng5 Rg7 34.Rd2 Qe7 35.e6 b2 36.exf7 b1Q+ 37.Kh2 0-1 Maus,S (2400)-Pieper Emden,C (2350)/Germany 1989/GER-chT (37); (b) The move 15.Re1 was played in the following game: (b)The move 15.Re1 was played in the following game: [Event "Hoogeveen Essent op"] [Site "Hoogeveen"] [Date "2008.10.20"] [Round "4"] [White "Robson, Ray"] [Black "Ernst, Sipke"] [Result "1/2-1/2"] [ECO "C83"] [WhiteElo "2466"] [BlackElo "2576"] [PlyCount "50"] [EventDate "2008.10.17"] [EventType "swiss"] [EventRounds "9"] [EventCountry "NED"] [Source "ChessBase"] [SourceDate "2008.11.05"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Nxe4 6. d4 b5 7. Bb3 d5 8. dxe5 Be6 9. Nbd2 Nc5 10. c3 Be7 11. Bc2 d4 12. Nb3 d3 13. Bb1 Nxb3 14. axb3 Bf5 15.Re1 O-O 16. Be3 Qd5 17. b4 Rfd8 18. Ba2 Qd7 19. Nd4 Nxd4 20. Bxd4 Bxb4 21. e6 Bxe6 22. Rxe6 fxe6 23. Qg4 Kh8 24. Bxe6 Qe7 25. cxb4 Rxd4 1/2-1/2 ] 15...0-0 16.Re1 Karjakin centralizes his rook which results in the overprotection of his e-pawn. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:Another idea is to play 16.Be3 with a possible continuation being: 16... 16...Qd5 17.Re1 h6 18.h3 Rfd8 19.Bd4 Bxb4!? 20.Ba2 (20.cxb4? Nxd4 21.Nxd4 Qxd4 22.Qd2 Rd5) 20...Qd7© with sufficient compensation for the pawn.] 16...Qd5 Mamedyarov creates a double-attack against Karjakin's e-pawn. By moving his queen to d5 this enables him to add more protection to his d-pawn in the future by playing a rook to d8. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 16...Qd5 17.h3 h5 18.Be3 Rfe8 19.Nd4 Nxd4 20.Bxd4 Bxb4!? 21.Ba2 Qd7 22.Qf3 Bf8 23.Bd5 Rad8© with sufficient compensation for the pawn.] 17.h3 Karjakin spends a tempo to give his king luft and to prevent a pin against his knight on f3 by the black light-squared bishop. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 17.Be3 Rfd8 18.Bd4 Bxb4!? 19.Bxd3 Bxd3 20.Qxd3 Nxd4 21.Nxd4 Bc5 22.Re4 Bf8=] 17...Rfd8?! Now a third piece of Mamedyarov's protects his dangerous passed d-pawn.Deep Rybka 3 gave a poor evaluation to this move. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:Better are: (a) >=17...h5 18.Be3 Rfe8 19.Nd4 Nxd4 20.Bxd4 Bxb4!? 21.Ba2 Qd7 22.Qf3 Bf8© with sufficient compensation for the pawn.; and (b) 17...Qd7 18.Be3 Rfd8 19.g4 Bg6 20.Bd4 Nxd4 21.Nxd4 c5 22.bxc5 Bxc5 23.Bxd3 Bxd3 24.Qxd3 Bxd4 25.cxd4 Qxd4=] 18.g4+/- Attacking the black bishop,winning a tempo. 18...Be6 The lost tempo. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:The program gave a better evaluation to the move 18...d2 and play might continue: 19.Bxd2 Bxb1 20.Rxb1 Qe6 21.Qe2 a5 22.bxa5 h5!? 23.Ng5 Bxg5 24.Bxg5 Rd5 25.f4 hxg4 26.hxg4 Nxa5+/-] 19.Re3+/- Karjakin creates a triple-attack against the black d-pawn. 19...h5 [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 19...h5 20.Qxd3 Qxd3 21.Bxd3 hxg4 22.hxg4 Bd5 (22...Bxg4 23.Be4 Bd7 24.Rd3 Be8 25.Rxd8 Rxd8 26.Rxa6+-) 23.Be4 Bxe4 24.Rxe4 Rd1+ 25.Kg2 Re8 26.Re2 Bf8 27.Rd2 Rxd2 28.Bxd2 Nxe5 29.Nxe5 Rxe5 30.Rxa6+/-] 20.Qxd3 Karjakin is finally able to remove the dangerous pawn,at the cost of allowing the exchange of queens. 20...Qxd3 21.Bxd3 [Analysis:Worse is ‹21.Rxd3?! hxg4 22.hxg4 Bxg4 23.Rxd8+ Rxd8 24.Kg2 Bxf3+ 25.Kxf3 Nxe5+ 26.Ke2 Rd6 27.Bf4 Bf6© with sufficient compensation for the pawn.] 21...hxg4 22.hxg4 Bd5 Mamedyarov creates the threat of 23...Bxf3 24.Rxf3 Nxe5 regaining material equality. [Less effective is 22...Bxg4?! 23.Be4 Bd7 24.Rd3 Be8 25.Rxd8 Rxd8 26.Rxa6 Nb8 27.Ra7 Rc8+-] 23.Bc2 Karjakin frees up his rook from having to defend his light-squared bishop.Deep Rybka 3 gave a poor evaluation to this move. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:Better is 23.Be4 a5 24.Bxd5 Rxd5 25.Re1 a4+/-] 23...Bxf3 [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:Better is 23...a5!? 24.bxa5 Nxa5 25.Nd4 Nc4 26.Rxa8 Rxa8 27.Re1 Ra1 28.Nb3 Ra4 29.g5 c6 30.Kh2 Nxe5!? 31.Rxe5!? Bd6 32.f4 Bxe5 33.fxe5 Rg4 34.Nd4 c5 35.Bb3!? Rxd4!? 36.cxd4 Bxb3 37.dxc5 Bd5+/=] 24.Rxf3+/- Nxe5 Regaining material equality and winning a tempo by attacking Karjakin's rook. 25.Rh3 Threatening Bh7+ 25...g6 26.g5 By advancing his g-pawn Karjakin reduces the mobility of his opponent's bishop. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:The program preferred to play 26.Bf4: 26.Bf4 Nxg4 27.Bd1 f5 28.f3 g5 29.Bxc7 Rd7 30.fxg4!? Rxc7 31.gxf5 Kg7 32.Bf3 Raa7+/-] 26...Re8 He intends to move his bishop,which will allow the rook to protect his knight. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 26...Nc4 27.Kg2 Nb6 28.Bf4 Nd5 29.Be5 f6 30.gxf6 Bxf6 31.Bxf6 Nxf6 32.Rg3 Rd2 33.Bxg6 Kf8+/-] 27.Bf4 Attacking the undefended knight,winning a tempo. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 27.Kg2 Bf8 28.Be4 Rad8 29.Rxa6 Rd1 30.Bf4 Bd6 31.Rh4 Nd3 32.Be3 Ne1+ 33.Kh3 Nd3 34.Ra5 c6+/-] 27...Bf8 The lost tempo. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:The program gave a better evaluation to the move 27...Bd6 with this continuation possible: 28.Be4 Nd3 29.Bxd6 (Worse is ‹29.Bxd3 Bxf4 30.Kf1 Kg7 31.Be2 Bxg5 32.Bf3 Rad8 33.Rxa6 Rd2=/+) 29...Rxe4 30.Rxd3 cxd6 31.Rxd6 Rae8 32.Raxa6 R8e5 33.Rac6 Rxg5+ 34.Kf1 Ree5+/-] 28.Re3 Karjakin creates a double-attack against Mamedyarov's knight,winning a tempo. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 28.Be4 Rad8 29.Rxa6 Bd6 30.Be3 Bf8 31.Bc2 Ra8 32.Rxa8 Rxa8 33.Kg2 Nc4 34.Bc1 Ra1 35.Rh1 c5 36.bxc5 Bxc5+/-] 28...Bd6 The lost tempo. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 28...Nc4 29.Rxe8 Rxe8 30.Rxa6 Nxb2 31.Bxc7 Bg7 32.Bb3 Nd3 33.Kg2 Re7 34.Bg3 Kh7+/-; 28...Bg7 29.Bb3 c6 30.Kg2 Re7 31.Ree1 Bh8 32.Bg3 Kf8 33.Red1 Rd7 34.Bxe5 Rxd1 35.Rxd1 Bxe5+/-] 29.Bb3 [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 29.Kf1 Re7 30.Kg2 Kg7 31.Bg3 Rae8 32.Rxa6 Nc4 33.Rxe7 Rxe7 34.Bxd6 Nxd6+/-] 29...Nc4 Attacking Karjakin's rook threatening to win at least a tempo. 30.Bxc4 Bxf4 31.Rf3 Threatening to win a tempo. 31...Bh2+ Mamedyarov offers to exchange bishops. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:The program gave a better evaluation to the move 31...Re5 after which play might continue: 32.Rxf4 bxc4 (32...Rxg5+ 33.Kf1 bxc4 34.Rxc4+/- Rh5 35.Ra4 Kg7 36.Rxc7 Rd8+/-) 33.Kf1 Rxg5 34.Rxc4 Rh5 35.Ra4 Kg7 36.Rxc7 Rd8 37.Rc5 Rh4 38.Re5 Rd2+/-] 32.Kxh2 bxc4+/- 33.Rf4 Attacking the black pawn winning it next move as it cannot be defended. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 33.Rf6 Re2 34.Ra2 Rc8 35.Raxa6 Re5 36.Ra5 c5 37.Rxc5 Rcxc5 38.bxc5 Rxg5+/=] 33...Re5 This move allows Mamedyarov to regain the pawn immediately. 34.Rxc4 Rxg5 35.Ra5 Karjakin offers to exchange rooks. 35...Rxa5 36.bxa5 Ra7 Mamedyrov has to spend a tempo to save his pawn from being captured. 37.Kg3 Karjakin begins to centralize his king for the upcoming endgame. 37...Kf8 Mamedyarov does the same. 38.Kf4 [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 38.b4 Ke7 39.Kf4 Kd6 40.Kg5 Ra8 41.Kf6 Rh8 42.Kxf7 g5 43.Rc5 Rh3 44.Rxg5 Rf3+ 45.Ke8 Kc6 46.Rc5+ Kd6 47.Rh5 Kc6 48.c4 Rxf2+/-] 38...Ke7 39.b4 Kd7 40.Ke5 Rb7 41.Rd4+ [Analysis:Deep Shredder 12: 41.Rf4 Rb5+ 42.Kf6 Rh5 43.Kxf7 g5 44.Kg6 Rh3 45.Rf7+ Kc6 46.Rf6+ Kb7+/-] 41...Kc8 [Analysis:Deep Shredder 12: 41...Kc6 42.Kf6 Rb5 43.Rf4 Kb7 44.Kxf7 g5 45.Rf3 g4 46.Rf4 Rg5 47.Kf6 Rg8+/-] 42.Kf6 [Analysis:Deep Shredder 12: >=42.Rd5!?+- c6 43.Rd6 Kc7 44.Rf6 Rb5+ 45.Ke4 c5 46.c4 Rxb4 47.Kd5 Ra4 48.Rxa6 f5 49.Rxg6 Rxa5 50.Rf6 Ra2 51.Rxf5 Kd7+/-] 42...Rb5+/- Threatening to play ....Rf5+. 43.Rf4 Rd5 [Analysis:Deep Shredder 12: >=43...Kb7 44.Kxf7 g5 45.Rf3 g4 46.Rf4 Rg5 47.Kf6 Rg8 48.Kf7 Rg5 49.Rc4 g3 50.fxg3 Rxg3+/-] 44.Kxf7 g5 45.Rf6 Attacking the black a-pawn . [45.Rf3 g4 46.Rf4 Rg5+/-] 45...Rd3 Mamedyarov offers to exchange pawns. [Analysis:Deep Shredder 12: >=45...Kb7 46.Kg6 g4 47.Rf4 Rd3 48.Kf5 g3 49.fxg3 Rxg3 50.Rc4 c6+/-] 46.c4 [Analysis:Deep Shredder 12: 46.Rxa6 Rxc3 47.Rg6 Kb7 48.Rxg5 Rf3+ 49.Ke6 Rxf2 50.Kd5 c6+ 51.Kc4 Rc2+ 52.Kd3 Rc1+/-] 46...Rd4 47.c5 [Analysis:Deep Shredder 12: 47.Rc6 Rf4+ 48.Kg6 g4 49.b5 Rxf2 50.b6 g3 51.Rxc7+ Kb8 52.Rc5 g2 53.Rg5 Ra2 54.Kf6 Rxa5 55.Rxg2 Kb7=] 47...Rxb4 48.c6 [Analysis:Deep Shredder 12:Less effective is: >=48.Rxa6 Rc4 49.Re6 Rxc5 50.a6 Kb8 51.Kg6 Ka7 52.Kh6 c6 53.Rg6 Kxa6 54.Rxg5 Rc2= with a book draw.] 48...Kd8?? Mamedyarov commits a terrible blunder. [Analysis:Deep Shredder 12:Best is >=48...Rb2!?+/= with play possibly continuing: 49.f3 Rb3 50.Kg6 Kd8 51.Rf7 Rc3 52.Kxg5 Rc5+ 53.Kg6 Rxc6+ 54.Rf6 Rc3 55.f4 c6+/-] 49.Rf5 [Analysis:Deep Shredder 12: >=49.f3 seems even better 49...Kc8 50.Ke6 Kb8 51.Rf8+ Ka7[] the only move 52.Kd7 g4 53.Kxc7 gxf3 54.Rxf3 Rg4 55.Rf7 Rg8 56.Kd6+ Kb8 57.Kd7 Rh8 58.Kd6 Kc8 59.Re7 Rd8+ 60.Rd7 Rh8+/-] 49...Rb2?? [>=49...g4 50.Rd5+ Kc8 51.Rg5 Kb8 52.Rg8+ Ka7[] 53.Ke7 Rd4 54.Rd8 Rf4 55.Rg8 Rd4 56.Rc8 Rd2 57.Rxc7+ Kb8 58.Rb7+ Kc8 59.Ke6 Rxf2 60.Kd6 g3 61.Rg7 Rd2+=] 50.f4+- Rf2 51.Rd5+ Kc8[] the only move 52.Ke7 Mamedyarov resigned [Analysis: 52.Ke7 Kb8 53.fxg5 Re2+ 54.Kf7 Rf2+ 55.Ke6 Rg2 56.Kf7 Rf2+ 57.Ke7 Re2+ 58.Kf8 Rf2+ 59.Kg7 Rc2 60.g6 Rxc6 61.Kf7 Rc2 62.g7 Rg2 63.g8Q+ wins] 1-0







Here is the analysis in PGN format:
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[Event "World Cup"]
[Site "Khanty-Mansiysk RUS"]
[Date "2009.12.03"]
[Round "5.1"]
[White "Karjakin, Sergey"]
[Black "Mamedyarov, Shakhriyar"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C83"]
[Annotator "Deep Rybka 3"]
[PlyCount "103"]
[EventDate "2009.??.??"]

{C83: Open Ruy Lopez: 9 c3 Be7 C83: Open Ruy Lopez: 9 c3 Be7} 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3
Nc6 3. Bb5 {The Ruy Lopez.} a6 {An idea first used by Paul Morphy.Mamedyarov
forces Karjakin to decide  the future of his attacked bishop in the game.} 4.
Ba4 Nf6 {Developing another minor piece,and in the process also attacking the
unprotected white e-pawn.} 5. O-O Nxe4 {This capture defines the variation of
the Ruy Lopez being played,it is known as the "Open Defense". This defense has
been used by Korchnoi,especially in his World Chess championship matches
against Karpov in the 1970's.} 6. d4 {The main continuation.Karjakin creates a
double-attack against the black e-pawn and opensup lines for the development
of his pieces.} b5 {The most popular move in this position,attacking the
bishop again with a pawn, forcing it back to b3.} 7. Bb3 d5 {This pawn advance
is the main continuation for black at this point of the game.Mamedyarov opens
up the diagonal so he can develop his dark-squared bishop, and in addition
reinforces his knight on e4.} 8. dxe5 {Karjakin regains his pawn and in doing
so creates a discovered double attack against the black d-pawn,which wins him
a tempo.} Be6 {The lost tempo,however Mamedyarov was able to use it to develop
another minor piece,which puts him ahead in development.} 9. Nbd2 {Karjakin
develops another minor piece,which results in an attack against his opponent's
knight.} ({Analysis:The main line in this position is to play} 9. c3 Bc5 10.
Nbd2 O-O 11. Bc2 Nxf2 $5 12. Rxf2 f6 13. exf6 Bxf2+ 14. Kxf2 Qxf6) 9... Nc5 {
The most popular continuation,Mamedyarov avoids the exchange of knights on e4,
and instead attacks Karjakin's bishop.Unlike in other variations, white has
yet to create an escape square on c2 or a2 for the bishop, which occurs via
the moves a2-a3, a2-a4 or c2-c3.} 10. c3 {The most popular continuation for
White.Karjakin creates and escape avenue for his light-squared bishop, if
Mamedyrarov does not capture the piece with his next move.This pawn advance
comes at the cost of giving up influence over the d3 square,which the black
knight on c5 could occupy in the future.} Be7 {Mamedyarov completes the
development of his minor pieces.This bishop move is the most often-played
continuation for Black in this position according to Chessbase Megadatabase
2009.} 11. Bc2 {Karjakin takes the opportunity given him to keep his bishop on
the board.By retreating his bishop,he gains more influence over the e4-square,
preventing his opponent from playing ...Ne4.} d4 $5 {Mamedyarov offers a pawn
sacrifice.} ({Analysis:The main continuation in this position is} 11... Bg4 {
and play most often continues with these moves:} 12. Re1 Qd7 13. Nf1 Rd8 14.
Ne3 Bh5 15. b4 Ne6 16. g4 Bg6 17. Nf5 O-O 18. a4 Rfe8 19. axb5 axb5) 12. Nb3 {
Karjakin spends a tempo to create a triple attack against the black d-pawn,
threatening to win the pawn he first did not want to accept as a sacrifice.} ({
Analysis:The most popular continuation in this position is to capture the
offered pawn:} 12. cxd4 {and then play usually continues:} Nxd4 13. Nxd4 Qxd4
14. Nf3 Qxd1 15. Rxd1 O-O 16. Ng5 h6 17. Bh7+ Kh8 $8 {the only move} 18. Nxe6
Nxe6 19. Be4 Rad8) 12... d3 $5 {Mamedyarov overprotects his pawn and creates
an attack against Karjakin's bishop,winning a tempo.} 13. Bb1 {The lost tempo,
and the only way to save the bishop from being lost.} ({Analysis:One other
idea has been played in this position,the capture:} 13. Nxc5 {and then play
most-often continues:} dxc2 14. Qxd8+ Rxd8 15. Nxe6 fxe6 16. Be3 Rd5 17. Rfc1
Nxe5 18. Nxe5 Rxe5 19. Rxc2 O-O) 13... Nxb3 ({Analysis:The only other move I
found had been played in this position according to my database was} 13... Bg4
{in the game Smeets-Vedder (2006).}) 14. axb3 Bf5 {Mamedyarov spends a tempo
to prevent his dangerous d-pawn from being captured.This is the only move the
second player has ever tried in this position according to Chessbase Database
2009 and the online Chessbase Database.} 15. b4 $146 {According to my research,
this move is a theoretical novelty for the position (it has never been played
before).Karjakin spends a tempo to prevent his opponent from occupying the c5
square in the future (with his dark-squared bishop or perhaps his c-pawn).This
comes at the cost of giving up influence over the c4-square.} ({Analysis:
According to my research the only moves played in this position prior to this
game were (a) 15.Be3 and (b)15.Re1. (a)Here are some of the games in which 15.
Be3 was played:} 15. Be3 O-O 16. Bd4 (16. Re1 Qd5 17. b4 Rfd8 (17... a5 18.
bxa5 Rxa5 19. Rxa5 Nxa5 20. Nd4 Bg6 21. Bxd3 Rd8 22. Bxg6 hxg6 23. Qe2 b4 24.
e6 fxe6 25. Bf4 Bf6 26. Bxc7 Re8 27. Bxa5 Qxa5 28. Nc6 {1-0 Cheparinov,I (2687)
-Jussupow,A (2587)/Amsterdam 2008/CBM 126}) 18. Ba2 Qd7 19. Bg5 h6 20. Bxe7
Qxe7 21. Nd2 Be6 22. f4 Bxa2 23. Rxa2 Qe6 24. Ra1 Qd5 25. Qb3 Ne7 26. Qxd5 Nxd5
{1/2-1/2 Smirnov,P (2579)-Iordachescu,V (2572)/Khantiy Mansiysk 2008/EXT 2009})
(16. Nd4 Nxd4 17. cxd4 c5 18. Bxd3 cxd4 19. Bxd4 Qxd4 20. Bxf5 Bc5 21. Qe2 Rae8
22. Rfe1 g6 23. Rad1 Qxf2+ 24. Qxf2 Bxf2+ 25. Kxf2 gxf5 26. Kf3 Re6 27. Kf4 f6
28. exf6 Rexf6 29. g3 Rg6 30. h3 Rh6 {Karjakin,S (2678)-Jussupow,A (2583)/
Amsterdam 2007/CBM 120/1/2-1/2 (38)} 31. Rd7 Rxh3 32. Re6 Rh2 33. Rxa6 Rf2+ 34.
Ke3 Rxb2 35. Raa7 Rxb3+ 36. Kf2 Rb2+ 37. Kg1 Rc8 38. Rg7+ {1/2-1/2 Karjakin,S
(2678)-Jussupow,A (2583)/Amsterdam 2007/CBM 120 (38)}) 16... Qd5 17. Bxd3 (17.
Re1 Rfd8 18. Re3 Nxd4 19. cxd4 c5 20. Bxd3 cxd4 21. Re2 Qe6 22. h3 Rd5 23. Ne1
a5 24. Bxf5 Qxf5 25. Nd3 h5 26. Rc2 f6 27. exf6 Bxf6 28. Qe2 Ra7 29. Rac1 Re7
30. Qd1 Kh7 31. Rc5 g6 {Topalov,V (2745)-Piket,J (2630)/Antwerp 1997/CBM 061/
[Winants]/1-0 (35)} 32. Rxd5 Qxd5 33. Rc5 Qb7 34. Qc2 Bg7 35. Rxh5+ {1-0
Topalov,V (2745)-Piket,J (2630)/Antwerp 1997/CBM 061/[Winants] (35)}) 17...
Bxd3 18. Qxd3 Qxb3 19. Qe4 Nxd4 20. Nxd4 Qxb2 21. Nf5 Rae8 22. Rxa6 Qxc3 23.
Rc6 Bc5 24. Qg4 g6 25. Nh6+ Kg7 26. Nf5+ Kh8 27. Qg5 Bxf2+ 28. Rxf2 Qxc6 29.
Qh6 Rg8 {Maus,S (2400)-Pieper Emden,C (2350)/Germany 1989/GER-chT/0-1 (37)} 30.
Nd4 Qd7 31. Nf3 b4 32. h4 b3 33. Ng5 Rg7 34. Rd2 Qe7 35. e6 b2 36. exf7 b1=Q+
37. Kh2 {0-1 Maus,S (2400)-Pieper Emden,C (2350)/Germany 1989/GER-chT (37)}) ({
(b) The move} 15. Re1 {was played in the following game:    (b)The move 15.Re1
was played in the following game:    [Event "Hoogeveen Essent op"]  [Site
"Hoogeveen"]  [Date "2008.10.20"]  [Round "4"]  [White "Robson, Ray"]  [Black
"Ernst, Sipke"]  [Result "1/2-1/2"]  [ECO "C83"]  [WhiteElo "2466"]  [BlackElo
"2576"]  [PlyCount "50"]  [EventDate "2008.10.17"]  [EventType "swiss"] 
[EventRounds "9"]  [EventCountry "NED"]  [Source "ChessBase"]  [SourceDate
"2008.11.05"]    1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Nxe4 6. d4 b5
7. Bb3 d5 8. dxe5 Be6 9. Nbd2 Nc5 10. c3 Be7 11. Bc2 d4 12. Nb3 d3 13. Bb1
Nxb3 14. axb3 Bf5 15.Re1 O-O 16. Be3 Qd5   17. b4 Rfd8 18. Ba2 Qd7 19. Nd4
Nxd4 20. Bxd4 Bxb4 21. e6 Bxe6 22. Rxe6 fxe6 23. Qg4 Kh8 24. Bxe6 Qe7 25. cxb4
Rxd4 1/2-1/2}) 15... O-O 16. Re1 {Karjakin centralizes his rook which results
in the overprotection of his e-pawn.} ({Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:Another idea is
to play} 16. Be3 {with a possible continuation being: 16...} Qd5 17. Re1 h6 18.
h3 Rfd8 19. Bd4 Bxb4 $5 20. Ba2 (20. cxb4 $2 Nxd4 21. Nxd4 Qxd4 22. Qd2 Rd5)
20... Qd7 $44 {with sufficient compensation for the pawn.}) 16... Qd5 {
Mamedyarov creates a double-attack against Karjakin's e-pawn. By moving his
queen to d5 this enables him to add more protection to his d-pawn in the
future by playing a rook to d8.} ({Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:} 16... Qd5 17. h3 h5
18. Be3 Rfe8 19. Nd4 Nxd4 20. Bxd4 Bxb4 $5 21. Ba2 Qd7 22. Qf3 Bf8 23. Bd5 Rad8
$44 {with sufficient compensation for the pawn.}) 17. h3 {Karjakin spends a
tempo to give his king luft and to prevent a pin against his knight on f3 by
the black light-squared bishop.} ({Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:} 17. Be3 Rfd8 18. Bd4
Bxb4 $5 19. Bxd3 Bxd3 20. Qxd3 Nxd4 21. Nxd4 Bc5 22. Re4 Bf8 $11) 17... Rfd8 $6
{Now a third piece of Mamedyarov's protects his dangerous passed d-pawn.Deep
Rybka 3 gave a poor evaluation to this move.} ({Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:Better
are: (a)} 17... h5 $142 18. Be3 Rfe8 19. Nd4 Nxd4 20. Bxd4 Bxb4 $5 21. Ba2 Qd7
22. Qf3 Bf8 $44 {with sufficient compensation for the pawn.}) ({and (b)} 17...
Qd7 18. Be3 Rfd8 19. g4 Bg6 20. Bd4 Nxd4 21. Nxd4 c5 22. bxc5 Bxc5 23. Bxd3
Bxd3 24. Qxd3 Bxd4 25. cxd4 Qxd4 $11) 18. g4 $16 {Attacking the black bishop,
winning a tempo.} Be6 {The lost tempo.} ({Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:The program
gave a better evaluation to the move} 18... d2 {and play might continue:} 19.
Bxd2 Bxb1 20. Rxb1 Qe6 21. Qe2 a5 22. bxa5 h5 $5 23. Ng5 Bxg5 24. Bxg5 Rd5 25.
f4 hxg4 26. hxg4 Nxa5 $16) 19. Re3 $16 {Karjakin creates a triple-attack
against the black d-pawn.} h5 ({Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:} 19... h5 20. Qxd3 Qxd3
21. Bxd3 hxg4 22. hxg4 Bd5 (22... Bxg4 23. Be4 Bd7 24. Rd3 Be8 25. Rxd8 Rxd8
26. Rxa6 $18) 23. Be4 Bxe4 24. Rxe4 Rd1+ 25. Kg2 Re8 26. Re2 Bf8 27. Rd2 Rxd2
28. Bxd2 Nxe5 29. Nxe5 Rxe5 30. Rxa6 $16) 20. Qxd3 {Karjakin is finally able
to remove the dangerous pawn,at the cost of allowing the exchange of queens.}
Qxd3 21. Bxd3 ({Analysis:Worse is} 21. Rxd3 $143 $6 hxg4 22. hxg4 Bxg4 23.
Rxd8+ Rxd8 24. Kg2 Bxf3+ 25. Kxf3 Nxe5+ 26. Ke2 Rd6 27. Bf4 Bf6 $44 {with
sufficient compensation for the pawn.}) 21... hxg4 22. hxg4 Bd5 {Mamedyarov
creates the threat of 23...Bxf3 24.Rxf3 Nxe5 regaining material equality.} ({
Less effective is} 22... Bxg4 $6 23. Be4 Bd7 24. Rd3 Be8 25. Rxd8 Rxd8 26. Rxa6
Nb8 27. Ra7 Rc8 $18) 23. Bc2 {Karjakin frees up his rook from having to defend
his light-squared bishop.Deep Rybka 3 gave a poor evaluation to this move.} ({
Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:Better is} 23. Be4 a5 24. Bxd5 Rxd5 25. Re1 a4 $16) 23...
Bxf3 ({Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:Better is} 23... a5 $5 24. bxa5 Nxa5 25. Nd4 Nc4
26. Rxa8 Rxa8 27. Re1 Ra1 28. Nb3 Ra4 29. g5 c6 30. Kh2 Nxe5 $5 31. Rxe5 $5 Bd6
32. f4 Bxe5 33. fxe5 Rg4 34. Nd4 c5 35. Bb3 $5 Rxd4 $5 36. cxd4 Bxb3 37. dxc5
Bd5 $14) 24. Rxf3 $16 Nxe5 {Regaining material equality and winning a tempo by
attacking Karjakin's rook.} 25. Rh3 {Threatening Bh7+} g6 26. g5 {By advancing
his g-pawn Karjakin reduces the mobility of his opponent's bishop.} ({Analysis:
Deep Rybka 3:The program preferred to play 26.Bf4:} 26. Bf4 Nxg4 27. Bd1 f5 28.
f3 g5 29. Bxc7 Rd7 30. fxg4 $5 Rxc7 31. gxf5 Kg7 32. Bf3 Raa7 $16) 26... Re8 {
He intends to move his bishop,which will allow the rook to protect his knight.}
({Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:} 26... Nc4 27. Kg2 Nb6 28. Bf4 Nd5 29. Be5 f6 30. gxf6
Bxf6 31. Bxf6 Nxf6 32. Rg3 Rd2 33. Bxg6 Kf8 $16) 27. Bf4 {Attacking the
undefended knight,winning a tempo.} ({Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:} 27. Kg2 Bf8 28.
Be4 Rad8 29. Rxa6 Rd1 30. Bf4 Bd6 31. Rh4 Nd3 32. Be3 Ne1+ 33. Kh3 Nd3 34. Ra5
c6 $16) 27... Bf8 {The lost tempo.} ({Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:The program gave a
better evaluation to the move} 27... Bd6 {with this continuation possible:} 28.
Be4 Nd3 29. Bxd6 ({Worse is} 29. Bxd3 $143 Bxf4 30. Kf1 Kg7 31. Be2 Bxg5 32.
Bf3 Rad8 33. Rxa6 Rd2 $15) 29... Rxe4 30. Rxd3 cxd6 31. Rxd6 Rae8 32. Raxa6
R8e5 33. Rac6 Rxg5+ 34. Kf1 Ree5 $16) 28. Re3 {Karjakin creates a
double-attack against Mamedyarov's knight,winning a tempo.} ({Analysis:Deep
Rybka 3:} 28. Be4 Rad8 29. Rxa6 Bd6 30. Be3 Bf8 31. Bc2 Ra8 32. Rxa8 Rxa8 33.
Kg2 Nc4 34. Bc1 Ra1 35. Rh1 c5 36. bxc5 Bxc5 $16) 28... Bd6 {The lost tempo.} (
{Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:} 28... Nc4 29. Rxe8 Rxe8 30. Rxa6 Nxb2 31. Bxc7 Bg7 32.
Bb3 Nd3 33. Kg2 Re7 34. Bg3 Kh7 $16) (28... Bg7 29. Bb3 c6 30. Kg2 Re7 31. Ree1
Bh8 32. Bg3 Kf8 33. Red1 Rd7 34. Bxe5 Rxd1 35. Rxd1 Bxe5 $16) 29. Bb3 ({
Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:} 29. Kf1 Re7 30. Kg2 Kg7 31. Bg3 Rae8 32. Rxa6 Nc4 33.
Rxe7 Rxe7 34. Bxd6 Nxd6 $16) 29... Nc4 {Attacking Karjakin's rook threatening
to win at least a tempo.} 30. Bxc4 Bxf4 31. Rf3 {Threatening to win a tempo.}
Bh2+ {Mamedyarov offers to exchange bishops.} ({Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:The
program gave a better evaluation to the move} 31... Re5 {after which play
might continue:} 32. Rxf4 bxc4 (32... Rxg5+ 33. Kf1 bxc4 34. Rxc4 $16 Rh5 35.
Ra4 Kg7 36. Rxc7 Rd8 $16) 33. Kf1 Rxg5 34. Rxc4 Rh5 35. Ra4 Kg7 36. Rxc7 Rd8
37. Rc5 Rh4 38. Re5 Rd2 $16) 32. Kxh2 bxc4 $16 33. Rf4 {Attacking the black
pawn winning it next move as it cannot be defended.} ({Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:}
33. Rf6 Re2 34. Ra2 Rc8 35. Raxa6 Re5 36. Ra5 c5 37. Rxc5 Rcxc5 38. bxc5 Rxg5
$14) 33... Re5 {This move allows Mamedyarov to regain the pawn immediately.}
34. Rxc4 Rxg5 35. Ra5 {Karjakin offers to exchange rooks.} Rxa5 36. bxa5 Ra7 {
Mamedyrov has to spend a tempo to save his pawn from being captured.} 37. Kg3 {
Karjakin begins to centralize his king for the upcoming endgame.} Kf8 {
Mamedyarov does the same.} 38. Kf4 ({Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:} 38. b4 Ke7 39. Kf4
Kd6 40. Kg5 Ra8 41. Kf6 Rh8 42. Kxf7 g5 43. Rc5 Rh3 44. Rxg5 Rf3+ 45. Ke8 Kc6
46. Rc5+ Kd6 47. Rh5 Kc6 48. c4 Rxf2 $16) 38... Ke7 39. b4 Kd7 40. Ke5 Rb7 41.
Rd4+ ({Analysis:Deep Shredder 12:} 41. Rf4 Rb5+ 42. Kf6 Rh5 43. Kxf7 g5 44. Kg6
Rh3 45. Rf7+ Kc6 46. Rf6+ Kb7 $16) 41... Kc8 ({Analysis:Deep Shredder 12:}
41... Kc6 42. Kf6 Rb5 43. Rf4 Kb7 44. Kxf7 g5 45. Rf3 g4 46. Rf4 Rg5 47. Kf6
Rg8 $16) 42. Kf6 ({Analysis:Deep Shredder 12:} 42. Rd5 $142 $5 $18 c6 43. Rd6
Kc7 44. Rf6 Rb5+ 45. Ke4 c5 46. c4 Rxb4 47. Kd5 Ra4 48. Rxa6 f5 49. Rxg6 Rxa5
50. Rf6 Ra2 51. Rxf5 Kd7 $16) 42... Rb5 $16 {Threatening to play ....Rf5+.} 43.
Rf4 Rd5 ({Analysis:Deep Shredder 12:} 43... Kb7 $142 44. Kxf7 g5 45. Rf3 g4 46.
Rf4 Rg5 47. Kf6 Rg8 48. Kf7 Rg5 49. Rc4 g3 50. fxg3 Rxg3 $16) 44. Kxf7 g5 45.
Rf6 {Attacking the black a-pawn .} (45. Rf3 g4 46. Rf4 Rg5 $16) 45... Rd3 {
Mamedyarov offers to exchange pawns.} ({Analysis:Deep Shredder 12:} 45... Kb7
$142 46. Kg6 g4 47. Rf4 Rd3 48. Kf5 g3 49. fxg3 Rxg3 50. Rc4 c6 $16) 46. c4 ({
Analysis:Deep Shredder 12:} 46. Rxa6 Rxc3 47. Rg6 Kb7 48. Rxg5 Rf3+ 49. Ke6
Rxf2 50. Kd5 c6+ 51. Kc4 Rc2+ 52. Kd3 Rc1 $16) 46... Rd4 47. c5 ({Analysis:
Deep Shredder 12:} 47. Rc6 Rf4+ 48. Kg6 g4 49. b5 Rxf2 50. b6 g3 51. Rxc7+ Kb8
52. Rc5 g2 53. Rg5 Ra2 54. Kf6 Rxa5 55. Rxg2 Kb7 $11) 47... Rxb4 48. c6 ({
Analysis:Deep Shredder 12:Less effective is:} 48. Rxa6 $142 Rc4 49. Re6 Rxc5
50. a6 Kb8 51. Kg6 Ka7 52. Kh6 c6 53. Rg6 Kxa6 54. Rxg5 Rc2 $11 {with a book
draw.}) 48... Kd8 $4 {Mamedyarov commits a terrible blunder.} ({Analysis:Deep
Shredder 12:Best is} 48... Rb2 $142 $5 $14 {with play possibly continuing:} 49.
f3 Rb3 50. Kg6 Kd8 51. Rf7 Rc3 52. Kxg5 Rc5+ 53. Kg6 Rxc6+ 54. Rf6 Rc3 55. f4
c6 $16) 49. Rf5 ({Analysis:Deep Shredder 12:} 49. f3 $142 {seems even better}
Kc8 50. Ke6 Kb8 51. Rf8+ Ka7 $8 {the only move} 52. Kd7 g4 53. Kxc7 gxf3 54.
Rxf3 Rg4 55. Rf7 Rg8 56. Kd6+ Kb8 57. Kd7 Rh8 58. Kd6 Kc8 59. Re7 Rd8+ 60. Rd7
Rh8 $16) 49... Rb2 $4 (49... g4 $142 50. Rd5+ Kc8 51. Rg5 Kb8 52. Rg8+ Ka7 $8
53. Ke7 Rd4 54. Rd8 Rf4 55. Rg8 Rd4 56. Rc8 Rd2 57. Rxc7+ Kb8 58. Rb7+ Kc8 59.
Ke6 Rxf2 60. Kd6 g3 61. Rg7 Rd2+ $11) 50. f4 $18 Rf2 51. Rd5+ Kc8 $8 {the only
move} 52. Ke7 {Mamedyarov resigned} ({Analysis:} 52. Ke7 Kb8 53. fxg5 Re2+ 54.
Kf7 Rf2+ 55. Ke6 Rg2 56. Kf7 Rf2+ 57. Ke7 Re2+ 58. Kf8 Rf2+ 59. Kg7 Rc2 60. g6
Rxc6 61. Kf7 Rc2 62. g7 Rg2 63. g8=Q+ {wins}) 1-0







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Thoughts worth thinking about

"Our subconscious minds have no sense of humor, play no jokes and cannot tell the difference between reality and an imagined thought or image. What we continually think about eventually will manifest in our lives."-Sidney Madwed



Laws alone can not secure freedom of expression; in order that every woman and man present their views without penalty, there must be spirit of tolerance in the entire population.- Albert Einstein Too often we underestimate the power of a touch, a smile, a kind word, a listening ear, an honest compliment, or the smallest act of caring, all of which have the potential to turn a life around. - Leo Buscaglia



A person's true wealth is the good he or she does in the world. - Mohammed



Our task must be to free ourselves... by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature and its beauty. -Albert Einstein



The best way to find yourself, is to lose yourself in the service of others. - Ghandi



The unselfish effort to bring cheer to others will be the beginning of a happier life for ourselves. - Helen Keller



Aim for success, not perfection. Never give up your right to be wrong, because then you will lose the ability to learn new things and move forward with your life. Remember that fear always lurks behind perfectionism. Confronting your fears and allowing yourself the right to be human can, paradoxically, make yourself a happier and more productive person. - Dr. David M. Burns



Life is as dear to a mute creature as it is to man. Just as one wants happiness and fears pain, just as one wants to live and not die, so do other creatures. -His Holiness The Dalai Lama



Mankind's true moral test, its fundamental test (which lies deeply buried from view), consists of its attitude towards those who are at its mercy: animals. And in this respect mankind has suffered a fundamental debacle, a debacle so fundamental that all others stem from it. -



Milan Kundera, The Unbearable Lightness of Being



The worst sin towards our fellow creatures is not to hate them, but to be indifferent to them. That's the essence of inhumanity. -George Bernard Shaw

Ego's trick is to make us lose sight of our interdependence. That kind of ego-thought gives us a perfect justification to look out only for ourselves. But that is far from the truth. In reality we all depend on each other and we have to help each other. The husband has to help his wife, the wife has to help the husband, the mother has to help her children, and the children are supposed to help the parents too, whether they want to or not.-Gehlek Rinpoche Source: "The Best Buddhist Writing 2005 pg. 165

The hostile attitude of conquering nature ignores the basic interdependence of all things and events---that the world beyond the skin is actually an extension of our own bodies---and will end in destroying the very environment from which we emerge and upon which our whole life depends.