The image in the middle is the brain of someone who is missing part of the corpus callosum. (source:http://www.umaine.edu/edhd/research/accnetwork/whatisacc.htm)
Callosal disorders can only be diagnosed through a brain scan They may be diagnosed through an MRI,CT Scan, prenatal ultrasound, or prenatal MRI.
(4)Agenesis of the corpus callosum is a cilipathic disease.
Persons with ACC have deficiencies on tasks which demand complex novel mental processing and problem solving. This is believed to be the main cognitive deficit related to absence of the corpus callosum. (source:http://www.travisinstitute.org/neuroscience/agenesis.htm).
Brain anomalies that sometimes occur with ACC:
(a)Hydrocephalus -Hydrocephalus is a build up of fluid inside the skull, leading to brain swelling. Hydrocephalus means "water on the brain."Hydrocephalus is due to a problem with the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the liquid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.
1.Aicardi, 2.Andermann, 3.Shapiro, 4.Acrocallosal 5.Menkes, 6.Mowat-Wilson., 7. FG(see: source:http://www.umaine.edu/edhd/research/accnetwork/whatisacc.htm)
Recent research suggests that specific social difficulties may be a result of impaired face processing (source: http://emotion.caltech.edu/agcc/). Unusual social behavior in childhood is often mistaken for or misdiagnosed as Asperger's syndrome or other autism spectrum disorders. Other characteristics sometimes associated with callosal disorders include seizures, spasticity, early feeding difficulties and/or gastric reflux, hearing impairments, abnormal head and facial features, and severe mental handicap.