Search This Blog

Thursday, February 26, 2009

Analysis of Kamsky-Toplov game 6

Kamsky,G (2725) - Topalov,V (2796) [B12]
World Chess Challenge Sofia BUL (6), 24.02.2009
[Zappa Mexico II ]

B12: Caro-Kann: Advance Variation 1.e4 c6 The Caro-Kann defense,one of black's most solid responses to 1.e4.The opening is named after the English player Horatio Caro and the Austrian Marcus Kann who analyzed the opening in 1886. 2.d4 The main continuation, influencing the center and opening up lines in his formation for piece development 2...d5 Topalov creates tension in the center and threatens to win a pawn by playing 3...dxe4. 3.e5 This move allows us to define the variation being played, it is the "advance" variation. Kamsky closes the center,which makes it difficult for Topalov to develop his kingside minor pieces. 3...Bf5 The most often played move in this position. Topalov begins to develop his minor pieces. He intends to play ...e6 which will mean the bishop will be outside of his pawn chain and vunerable to attack. 4.Nf3 The most popular response to black's last move, beginning to develop his minor pieces. 4...e6 5.Be2 Kamsky simply develops another minor piece. 5...c5 Topalov moves the pawn a second time in the opening,which breaks an opening principle. However this idea is a key source of counterplay for Black in the Caro-Kann. [Analysis:Another main idea in this position is to play 5...Nd7 ] 6.Be3 The most-often played move in this position, threatening to win a pawn via 7.dxc5. 6...cxd4 Topalov reduces some of the central tension. [Analysis:Two moves are more popular in this position for black:(a) 6...Qb6 ; and (b) 6...Nd7 ] 7.Nxd4 Regaining his pawn and attacking Topalov's bishop. 7...Ne7 Developing another minor piece,which allows him to recapture on f5 with the knight if Kamsky were to play Nxf5. [Analysis:Rarely played in this position is: 7...Bg6 ] 8.Nd2 Kamsky decides to play a rarely-played continuation, testing Topalov's understanding of the Caro-Kann. According to my database this move was first played in 1996 in the game Pfreundtnet and Kersting.Kamsky intends to move this knight to f3 to create a double-attack against Topalov's light-squared bishop. 8...Nbc6 The main continuation, threatening to simply the position by playing 9....Nxd4. [Analysis:According to my database the move 8...Bg6 has also been tried by black in this position.] 9.N2f3 The only move White has played in this position according to my database and the chessbase online database.He develops another piece,which supports his other knight on d4. 9...Bg4 The most popular continuation, Topalov prevents Kamsky from removing his bishop from the game by 10.Nxf5. [9...a6 10.0-0 Bg4 11.c3 Qd7 12.Rc1 Rd8 13.h3 Bh5 14.a3 Na5 15.Nd2 Bxe2 16.Qxe2 Rc8 17.b3 Nac6 18.N2f3 Ng6 19.Nxc6 Rxc6 20.b4 Be7 21.c4 Rxc4 22.Rxc4 dxc4 23.Qxc4 0-0 24.Rc1 Svidler,P (2738)-Kamsky,G (2723)/Sochi 2008/CBM 126/1/2-1/2 (35)] 10.0-0 [Analysis:According to the chessbase online database the move 10.c3 hasalso been tried in this position:in the game Baer-Benassi, 2001] 10...Bxf3 This is the most often played move in this position for Black. Topalov decides to force kamsky to recapture on f3,by doing so he reduces the amount of material Kamsky can use to atttack. 11.Nxf3 The only move White has played in this position in my database and the chessbase online database.Apparently Kamsky did not feel up to trying 11.gxf3 which he could have used if Topalov had castled on the kingside.The fact that Topalov has yet to commit his king to either s idea of the board dissuaded Kamsky from trying 11.gxf3. 11...g6N Topalov decides to bring his king's bishop into play using a fianchetto. This idea has never been played before in any game in my database or the chessbase online database. [Analysis:Other moves tried here include: 11...Nf5, and 11...Ng6. (a)The move 11...Nf5 was played in the following game: 11...Nf5 12.Bf4 (12.Qd2 Be7 13.Rfd1 0-0 14.c3 Rc8 15.Bd3 Nxe3 16.Qxe3 Qb6 17.Qxb6 axb6 18.c4 dxc4 19.Bxc4 Rfd8 20.Rac1 Bc5 21.Bb5 Nb4 22.a3 Nd5 23.g3 Be7 24.Kg2 Rc5 25.Be2 Rdc8 26.Rxc5 Rxc5 Pfreundtner,B-Kersting,M (2280)/Germany 1996/EXT 1998/1/2-1/2 (42)) (b)The move 12...Be7 was tried in this game: 12...Be7 13.Bd3 Nh4 14.Nxh4 Bxh4 15.Qg4 g6 16.Rad1 h5 17.Qf3 g5 18.Bc1 g4 19.Qf4 Qc7 20.Rfe1 Rg8 21.Qh6 0-0-0 22.g3 Nxe5 23.Rxe5 Qxe5 24.gxh4 g3 25.hxg3 Rxg3+ 26.fxg3 Granda Zuniga,J (2628)-Gonzalez Vidal,Y (2473)/Havana 2003/CBM 096/1-0 (40); (c)The idea of 11...Ng6 has also been tried, as in this game: 11...Ng6 12.c4 dxc4 13.Bxc4 Qxd1 14.Rfxd1 a6 15.Bd3 0-0-0 16.Bxg6 Rxd1+ 17.Rxd1 fxg6 18.Ng5 Nxe5 19.Nxe6 Nc6 20.g4 Be7 21.g5 Nd8 22.Rc1+ Kd7 23.Nxd8 Rxd8 24.Rc4 Rc8 25.Rh4 h5 26.Rd4+ Zhigalko,S (2583)-Braun,A (2533)/Gaziantep 2008/CBM 125 Extra/1/2-1/2; Analysis:(d)The program Zappa II Mexico suggested playing 11...Qc7 with a possible continuation being: 12.c3 Ng6 13.Bd4 Be7 14.Rc1 Rc8 15.Qd2 Ngxe5 16.Nxe5 Nxe5 17.Bb5+ Kf8=] 12.c4!? Intending 13.cxd5. 12...Bg7 Creating a double-attack against Kamsky's e-pawn which is only protected by his knight. 13.cxd5 Now Topalov must decide how to recapture on d5. [Analysis Zappa II Mexico::Less effective is 13.Qb3 ie: 13.Qb3 Nxe5 14.Nxe5 Bxe5 15.f4 Bf6 16.Rfd1 Qa5 17.Bf3 (17.Qxb7 0-0 18.Qb5 Qxb5 19.cxb5 Nf5 20.Bf2 Bxb2 21.Rab1 Bc3 and White would lack sufficient compensation for the pawn.) ] 13...Nxd5 Attacking Kamsky's White-squared bishop. [Analysis Zappa II Mexico: If Kamsky would have recaptured with his queen play might have continued: 13...Qxd5 14.Qa4 Qa5 15.Qxa5 Nxa5 16.Rac1 Nac6 17.Rfd1 Rc8 18.Kh1 Nd5 +=] 14.Bc5!? Kamsky traps Topalov's king in the center,leaving his e-pawn enprise. 14...Bf8 Now Topalov threatens to win material: by playing 15...Bf8xc5. [Analysis:The e-pawn cannot be taken:(a) 14...Nxe5?? 15.Nxe5 Qa5 (15...Bxe5?? 16.Bb5+ Qd7 the only move which forces Topalov to lose his queen.) ; (b)Also worse is 14...Bxe5 15.Nxe5 Nxe5 16.Bb5+ Nc6 17.Qa4 Qd7 18.Rac1 f6 +=] 15.Qc1 Topalov has an active position [Analysis:the program Zappa II Mexico gave a better evaluation to the move 15.Bxf8 with a possible continuation being: 15.Bxf8 Kxf8 16.Bb5 (16.Bc4 Kg7 17.Rc1 Qb6 18.Qe2 Rhd8 19.Rfd1 Rac8 +=) 16...Kg7 17.Bxc6 bxc6 18.Qc2 Rb8 19.Rfd1 Qa5 20.a3 Rhc8 +=] 15...Rc8 Placing his rook on the same file as Kamskys' queen. [Analysis:Zappa II Mexico: 15...Bxc5 16.Qxc5 Rc8 17.Rfd1 Qb6 18.Qa3 Nce7 19.Qa4+ Kf8 =] 16.Bxf8 Simplying the position now Topalov has to decide how to recapture his piece. [Analysis:Zappa II:Mexico: 16.Rd1 Nb8 17.Bb5+ (17.b4 Nd7=) 17...Nd7 18.b4 a6 19.Bxd7+ Qxd7 20.Qa3 Bxc5 21.bxc5 Qe7 22.Rac1 0-0 =] 16...Nd4!?= Topalov threatens to win material: Nd4xe2 [Analysis:Zappa II Mexico:(a)Less advisable is 16...Rxf8 17.Bc4 Na5 18.Bb5+ Nc6 19.Nd4 Qb6 20.Rd1 Ke7 21.Qg5+ f6 22.exf6+ Rxf6 23.Bxc6 bxc6 +/-; (b)Worse is: 16...Kxf8 17.Qh6+ Kg8 18.Bc4 Nb6 19.Bb3 Qf8 20.Qe3 Kg7 21.Rfd1 Qe7 22.Nd4 Nxd4 23.Rxd4 Rhd8 24.Rad1 Rxd4 25.Qxd4 Qc5 +=] 17.Qd1 Attacking Topalov's knight,winning a tempo unless Topalov plays 17...Nxe2. 17...Nxe2+ 18.Qxe2 Kxf8 Topalov loses the right to castle [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II:Weaker is 18...Rxf8 19.Rac1+/- Rc6 20.Rxc6 bxc6 21.Qc4 Ne7 22.Rc1 Qb8 23.b3 Qb5+/-] 19.Rac1 Kamsky decides to fight for control of the open c-file even though this would allow Topalov to exchange rooks on c1. [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 19.Rfd1 Kg7 20.Nd4 a6 21.Rd2 Rc7 22.Rad1 Qg5 23.g3 Rhc8 24.Qe4 Rc4 25.Kg2 Qd8 =] 19...Kg7 Allowing him to bring the rook on h8 into play. 20.h4 By playing 20.h4 Kamsky prevents Topalov from playing ...h6, followed by ....g5. [Analysis:Zappa II Mexico: 20.Rxc8 Qxc8 21.Nd4 Qc5 22.Rd1 Rc8 23.a3 Qc4 24.Qxc4 Rxc4 25.h3 Rc5 =] 20...Qb6 Forcing Kamsky to defend his b-pawn with his queen. 21.g3 Kamsky consolidates the f4-square. [Analysis:Zappa II Mexico: 21.Rfd1 Rhd8 22.Rxc8 Rxc8 23.Kh2 Qc6 24.Nd4 Nf4 25.Nxc6 Nxe2 26.Nxa7 Rc2 27.Nb5 Rxb2 28.a4 Nf4 =] 21...h6 Topalov prevents the intrusion of Kamsky's knight on g5. [Analysis:(a) 21...Rc5 22.Rxc5 Qxc5 23.Rd1 Rc8 24.Nd4 a6 25.h5 Qc4 26.Qxc4 Rxc4 27.hxg6 hxg6 =/+; (b) 21...Rc7 22.Rxc7 Qxc7 23.Nd4 Rc8 24.a3 Qb6 25.Rd1 Rd8 26.Nf3 Ne7 27.Rxd8 Qxd8 =] 22.a3 Controlling the b4-square. [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 22.Rfd1 Rhd8 23.a3 Ne7 24.Rxc8 Rxc8 25.Kg2 Nd5 26.Nd4 Rd8 =] 22...Rc5 By playing this move Topalov can now double his rooks on the c-file if allowed to do so by Kamsky. [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 22...Rhd8 23.Rfd1 Ne7 24.Rxc8 Rxc8 25.Kg2 Nd5 26.Nd4 Rd8 27.Nf3 Rc8 =] 23.Rc2 Kamsky intends to also double his rooks on the c-file if allowed to do so. [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 23.Rxc5 Qxc5 24.Rd1 Rd8 25.Kh2 Qc6 26.Qe4 Rc8 27.Nd4 Qb6 28.Qe2 Rd8 =] 23...Rhc8 [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 23...Rxc2 24.Qxc2 Ne7 25.Rd1 Rd8 26.Rxd8 Qxd8 27.Qc3 Qd5 28.Nd4 a6 29.Kh2 Nf5 30.Nxf5+ gxf5 =] 24.Rfc1 a5 Preventing Kamsky from playing 25.b4. Topalov did not want to play 24....Rxc2 because after 25.Rxc2 Rxc2 26.Qxc2 Kamsky would gain control of the open c-file. [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 24...Rxc2 25.Rxc2 Rxc2 26.Qxc2 Ne7 27.Kg2 Nc6 28.b4 a5 29.bxa5 Qxa5 30.Qb3 b6 =] 25.Qd2 Attacking Topalov's a-pawn which ties down one of Topalov's pieces to protect this pawn. [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 25.Qe4 Rxc2 26.Rxc2 Rxc2 27.Qxc2 Ne7 28.Qc3 a4 29.Nd2 Qd8 30.Nc4 Qd1+ 31.Kg2 Qd5+ 32.Kh2 Qc5 =] 25...Rxc2 Topalov decides to break the symmetry.Often this can allow the player who captures last in an exchange to gain an advantage. 26.Rxc2 Rc5 Overprotecting his a-pawn. [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: (a) 26...Rc6 27.Qe2 Rxc2 28.Qxc2 Ne7 29.Kg2 Nc6 30.b3 Nd4 31.Nxd4 Qxd4 32.Qe2 Qc5 =; (b) 26...Rxc2 27.Qxc2 Ne7 28.b3 Nf5 29.Kg2 Nd4 30.Nxd4 Qxd4 31.Qe2 Qc5 =] 27.Qc1 Creating the threat of 28.Rxc5 winning a piece. 27...Rxc2 28.Qxc2 Ne7 Intending ...Nc6. Zappa Mexico II evaluates this position as equal. 29.Qc3 Attacking Topalov's a-pawn forcing Topalov to tie down his queen to defend this pawn. [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 29.b3 Nf5 30.Kg2 Nd4 31.Nxd4 Qxd4 32.Qe2 b6 33.Qe3 Qxe3 34.fxe3 Kf8 35.Kf3 Ke7 36.b4 axb4 37.axb4 b5 =] 29...Nc6 Overprotecting his a-pawn,which frees up Topalov's queen to do other things. [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 29...a4 30.Nd2 Qd8 31.Nc4 Qd1+ 32.Kg2 Qd5+ 33.Kh2 Nc6 34.Nd6 Nxe5 35.Nxb7 Kg8 36.Nc5 h5 37.Qb4 Ng4+ 38.Kg1 Qd1+ 39.Kg2 Qc2 =] 30.b3 Preventing Topalov from playing ...a4. 30...Qd8 By playing this move Topalov seems to indicate he is going to play ...g5 in the immediate future as this queen move supports the advance of his g-pawn. [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 30...Qb5 31.Qe3 Qd5 32.Kh2 Ne7 33.Nd4 Nf5 34.Nxf5+ gxf5 35.Kg1 Kg6 =] 31.a4 Kamsky spends a move to prevent Topalov from playing ....b5. [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 31.Qe3 Qd5 32.Kh2 Ne7 33.Nd4 h5 34.a4 Nf5 35.Nxf5+ exf5 36.Kg1 Kf8 =] 31...Qd1+=/+ Attacking Kamsky's b-pawn and knight forcing Kamsky to keep his queen protecting both. [Zappa Mexico II: 31...Qd1+ 32.Kg2 Qd5 33.Kh2 Qe4 34.Qe3 Qxe3 35.fxe3 f6 36.Nd4 Nxd4 37.exd4 f5-/+] 32.Kg2 Kamsky spends a tempo to overprotect his knight,which frees his queen to defend h is b-pawn. 32...Qe2 [Analysis:Zappa Mexico I: 32...Qd5 33.Kf1 Nb4 34.Nd4 Qh1+ 35.Ke2 Nd5 36.Qd3 Qc1 37.Qd2 Qa1 38.Nf3 b6 =/+] 33.Qe3 Kamsky offers Topalov the exchange of queens. 33...Qd1 Topalov declines the offer at the cost of a tempo. [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 33...Qxe3 34.fxe3 f6 35.g4 (35.exf6+ Kxf6 36.Kf2 Ne5 37.e4 Nd7 38.Nd2 Nc5 39.Ke3 e5 =) ] 34.Nd2= Kamsky decides to overprotect his b-pawn. The program Zappa Mexico II evaluates this position as being slightly favorable to Topalov: = (-0.14). [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 34.Nd2 Nb4 35.Nc4 Nc2 36.Qf4 Qd5+ 37.f3 Qd3 38.Kf2 Nd4 = (38...Qxb3 39.Nd6 Qb6+ 40.Kg2 Ne3+ 41.Kh3 Nf5 42.g4 Nxd6 43.exd6 Qf2 =) ] 34...Nb4 Topalov plays this move so that if Kamsky plays 35.Nc4 (threatening 36.Nxa5), Topalov can prevent the loss of a pawn by winning a tempo against Kamsky's queen (by playing 35...Nc2). 35.Nc4 Kamsky threatens to win material: Nc4xa5 35...Nc2 Topalov threatens to win Kamsky's queen so Topalov threatens to win a tempo. 36.Qd2 Kamsky threatens to win Topalov's queen via 37.Qxd2, therefore if Topalov wants to avoid the exchange of queens he must try to avoid the loss of a tempo if at all possible. [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 36.Qf4 Qd5+ 37.Kf1 Nd4 (threatening ...Qh1 checkmate) 38.f3 Kg8 39.Kf2 Qc5 40.Kf1 Qd5 =] 36...Qb1 Topalov avoids the loss of a tempo and threatens to win one by attacking Kamsky's unprotected b-pawn. [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 36...Qxd2 37.Nxd2 Nd4 38.f4 g5 39.hxg5 hxg5 40.Kf2 (40.fxg5 Kg6 41.Kf2 Kxg5 =) 40...g4 41.Ke3 Nf5+ 42.Kd3 Nxg3 43.Nc4 b6 44.Nxb6 Nf5 =] 37.Qf4 Kamsky offers to exchange his b-pawn for Topalov's a-pawn. [Analysis:(a) 37.Nxa5?? taking the pawn is naive 37...Ne1+ -+ 38.Qxe1 (38.Kh3 Qf5+ 39.Kh2 (the only move) 39...Nf3+ 40.Kg2 (40.Kh1 Qh3# checkmate) 40...Nxd2 -+) 38...Qxe1-+; (b)Another alternative was 37.Qxa5 : 37...Ne1+ 38.Kh2 (38.Kf1 Nd3+ 39.Kg2 Qxb3=) 38...Nf3+ 39.Kg2 Qxb3 40.Nd6 b6 41.Qa8 Nxe5 42.Ne8+ Kh8 (42...Kh7 43.Nf6+ Kg7 44.Ne8+ Kh8 45.Nf6+ Kg7 =) 43.Nf6+ Kg7 =(the only move)] 37...Ne1+ Winning a tempo. [Worse is 37...Qxb3 38.Nd6 Qd5+ 39.f3 Ne1+ 40.Kf1 Nxf3 41.Qxf7+ Kh8 42.Qf6+ Kh7 (42...Kg8?? 43.Qxg6+ Kh8 44.Nf7#) 43.Nf7+/- (threatening 44.Qh8 checkmate) 43...Kg8 44.Nxh6+ Kh7 the only move 45.Nf7 Kg8 46.Qxg6+ Kf8 47.Nd8 Qxd8 48.Qh6+ Ke7 49.Qf6+ Ke8 50.Qxf3 +/-] 38.Kh2 The lost tempo. [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 38.Kh3 Nd3 39.Qf6+ Kg8 40.Nd6 Qh1+ 41.Kg4 Qd1+ 42.Kh3 Qh1+ with a draw by repetition of position.] 38...Qxb3 Topalov decides to exchange pawns. 39.Qf6+ [Analysis:(a) 39.Nxa5?? the pawn must be left alone, otherwise White will be punished 39...Qd5 40.Qf6+ Kg8 41.Qd8+ Qxd8-+; (b) 39.Kh3 Qd3 40.Qf6+ Kg8 41.Nd6 Qf1+ 42.Kg4 Qe2+ 43.Kh3 Qf1+ =] 39...Kg8 [Analysis:(a)Worse are:(a) 39...Kf8 40.Nd6 Nf3+ 41.Kg2 Nxe5 (the only way to prevent checkmate) 42.Qxe5 Ke7 43.Qc5 Qxa4 +-; (b) 39...Kh7?? 40.Qxf7+ Kh8 41.Qf8+ Kh7 42.Qe7+ Kg8 43.Qxe6+ Kh8 44.Qc8+ Kg7 45.Qd7+ Kg8 46.Qe6+ Kh8 47.Qf6+ Kh7 48.Ne3 +-] 40.Qd8+ [Analysis:Topalov's a-pawn is poisoned: 40.Nxa5?? a poisoned pawn 40... 40...Qd5 41.Qd8+ Qxd8-+ 42.Nc4 Nf3+ 43.Kg2 Nxh4+ 44.gxh4 Qd5+ -+] 40...Kh7 41.Qf6 Threatening to play: 42.Qxf7 41...Kg8 [Analysis:Zappa Mexico II: 41...Qxc4 42.Qxf7+ Kh8 43.Qf8+ with a draw] 42.Qd8+ [Analysis:Once again Topalov's a-pawn is poisoned as shown by this variation: 42.Nxa5 Qd5 (threatening Qg2 checkmate) which forces 43.Qd8+ ((b) 43.Kh3 h5 (threatening ....Qg2 checkmate which forces): 44.Qd8+ Qxd8 45.Nxb7 Qd5 46.f3 Qxf3 47.Kh2 Qg2#) 43...Qxd8 44.Nc4 (44.Kg1 Qd5 45.Kf1 Nd3 -+) 44...Qd1 45.Ne3 Qf3 46.Kg1 Nd3 47.Nd1 Qxd1+ 48.Kg2 Qd2 49.h5 Qxf2+ 50.Kh3 Qf1+ 51.Kh2 Ne1 52.hxg6 Qg2#] 42...Kh7 Twofold repetition 43.Qf6 Kg8 The two players agreed to a draw before the position was repeated three times which would have been a formal draw. 1/2-1/2

No comments:

Visit GM Alexandra Kosteniuk's Women's Chess Blog:Please click on the image below:

Visit GM Alexandra Kosteniuk's Women's Chess Blog:Please click on the image below:
Chess needs more women and girl participants and administrators!

Thoughts worth thinking about

"Our subconscious minds have no sense of humor, play no jokes and cannot tell the difference between reality and an imagined thought or image. What we continually think about eventually will manifest in our lives."-Sidney Madwed



Laws alone can not secure freedom of expression; in order that every woman and man present their views without penalty, there must be spirit of tolerance in the entire population.- Albert Einstein Too often we underestimate the power of a touch, a smile, a kind word, a listening ear, an honest compliment, or the smallest act of caring, all of which have the potential to turn a life around. - Leo Buscaglia



A person's true wealth is the good he or she does in the world. - Mohammed



Our task must be to free ourselves... by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature and its beauty. -Albert Einstein



The best way to find yourself, is to lose yourself in the service of others. - Ghandi



The unselfish effort to bring cheer to others will be the beginning of a happier life for ourselves. - Helen Keller



Aim for success, not perfection. Never give up your right to be wrong, because then you will lose the ability to learn new things and move forward with your life. Remember that fear always lurks behind perfectionism. Confronting your fears and allowing yourself the right to be human can, paradoxically, make yourself a happier and more productive person. - Dr. David M. Burns



Life is as dear to a mute creature as it is to man. Just as one wants happiness and fears pain, just as one wants to live and not die, so do other creatures. -His Holiness The Dalai Lama



Mankind's true moral test, its fundamental test (which lies deeply buried from view), consists of its attitude towards those who are at its mercy: animals. And in this respect mankind has suffered a fundamental debacle, a debacle so fundamental that all others stem from it. -



Milan Kundera, The Unbearable Lightness of Being



The worst sin towards our fellow creatures is not to hate them, but to be indifferent to them. That's the essence of inhumanity. -George Bernard Shaw

Ego's trick is to make us lose sight of our interdependence. That kind of ego-thought gives us a perfect justification to look out only for ourselves. But that is far from the truth. In reality we all depend on each other and we have to help each other. The husband has to help his wife, the wife has to help the husband, the mother has to help her children, and the children are supposed to help the parents too, whether they want to or not.-Gehlek Rinpoche Source: "The Best Buddhist Writing 2005 pg. 165

The hostile attitude of conquering nature ignores the basic interdependence of all things and events---that the world beyond the skin is actually an extension of our own bodies---and will end in destroying the very environment from which we emerge and upon which our whole life depends.