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Tuesday, February 17, 2009

Analysis of game one:Topalov versus Kamsky

Here is my analysis in html format if you desire it:


Topalov,Veselin - Kamsky,Gata [D87]
World Chess Challenge - candidates fina Sofia (1), 17.02.2009
[Deep Rybka 3]

Opening:Grunfeld Defense:Exchange variation 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 The Queen's Gambit. 2...g6 3.Nc3 d5!? This move defines the defense being played by Kamsky,it is the Grunfeld Defense, a hypermodern opening, which allows White to create a large pawn center, which will be attacked by Black using piece play and pawns.I give this move a !?, because I find it surprising that Kamsky would chose this defense, as he has not had much success using it (especially in his match against Karpov in Elista). 4.cxd5 In his book "The Complete Grunfeld" GM Suetin calls this move, which initiates the "Exchange variation" of this opening, the "acid test" of the Grunfeld. 4...Nxd5 Regaining the pawn, however the knight has been deflected from the kingside for defensive purposes. 5.e4 The main continuation, attacking Kamksy's knight forcing the American to make a decision about the future of the knight in this game. 5...Nxc3 A move almost always played by Black in this position, forcing Topalov to accept an isolated a-pawn. 6.bxc3 Bg7 The main line,Kamsky intends to use this move in conjuntion with ...c5 in order to pressure Topalov's pawn center. 7.Bc4 Topalov develops his king's bishop before his king's knight, because he intends to develop the king knight to e2 to support his pawns. From c4 the white bishop attacks the f7-weakness in Kamsky's position. 7...c5 This pawn advance is the most popular move for White in this position. Kamsky pressures Topalov's pawn center even more.This pawn advance also allows him to develop his queen's knight behind his c-pawn at c6. 8.Ne2! Suetin gives this move a ! in his book "The Complete Grunfeld". Topalov reinforces his d and c-pawns, and prepares to castle on the kingside. 8...Nc6 The most often-played continuation. Kamsky catches up in minor piece development. He now has three of his pieces and pawns directed at Topalov's d-pawn. 9.Be3 A move almost always played in this position by the first player. Topalov completes the development of his minor pieces. A second piece of his is used to support his pawn center.Topalov plans to play Rc1, followed by d5. 9...0-0 The most often played move in this position for the player of the Black pieces. 10.0-0 Also the most popular continuation for White. 10...Na5 This idea has been rarely played by Black. Perhaps Kamsky wanted to avoid Topalov's preparations for the more critical variations of this line of play. GM Suetin, in regards to this move states, "This manoeuvre occurs much more frequently, after the preparatory 10...Bg4 11.f3,;the slight weakening of the g1-a7 diagonal is tactically important for Black's counterplay." [Analysis:Three moves are more often used in this position for Black:(a) 10...Qc7 ; (b) 10...Bg4 ; and (c) 10...cxd4 ] 11.Bd3 According to the chessbase online database,this is the main continuation in this position. Topalov tries to lure Kamsky into advancing the black c-pawn to c4. 11...b6 This pawn advance is the most often played response to White's last move. Kamsky advances the pawn to give his c-pawn support.This move also gives Kamsky the option of developing his light-squared bishop to b7 or even a6 in the future. 12.Qd2 Topalov develops his queen, which now forms a battery with his dark-squared bishop to pressure Kamsky's dark-squared bishop. In addition now both of Topalov's rooks are connected. [Analysis:According to the chessbase online database the move 12.Rc1 is the most often played continuation, with play usually following this course: 12...Qc7 13.Qd2 Rd8 14.Bh6 Bh8 15.Qe3 e6 16.e5 (16.Bg5 Rf8) 16...Bb7] 12...e5 Kamsky creates a triple attack against Topalov's d-pawn, threatening to win a pawn and a tempo after 13....cxd4 14.cxd4 exd4. [Analysis:The main line in this position continues: 12...Bb7 13.Bh6 cxd4 14.Bxg7 Kxg7 15.cxd4 e6 16.Rac1 Qe7 17.Qf4 Rac8 18.h4 Nc6 19.h5 e5] 13.Bh6 Topalov threatens to capture on g7, which would weaken Kamksy's king and also weaken his pawn center. [Analysis:According to the chessbase online database these other moves have also been tried in this position by White: 13.d5 ; 13.dxc5; 13.dxe5; 13.Rad1; Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 13.Bg5 f6 14.Be3 f5 15.dxe5 Bxe5 16.f4 Bg7 17.e5 Be6=] 13...cxd4 [Analysis:According to the chessbase online database, these other moves have also been tried by Black in this position:(a) 13...exd4 14.cxd4 cxd4 15.Bxg7 Kxg7 =; and (b) 13...f6 ] 14.Bxg7N Analysis:According to the chessbase online database this capture is a theoretical novelty for the position. [Analysis:Prior to this game the only move white had used in this position was 14.cxd4 Galvan Huar...-Perez Garcia 2008, 1-0, Cheparinov-Kamsky 2008, 1-0, and Golichenko-Shishkin, 2008, 1-0] 14...Kxg7 15.cxd4 Forcing Kamsky to accept an isolated pawn on d4. 15...exd4 16.f4 Preparing the advance of his e-pawn to e5. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 16.Qb2 Qf6 17.f4 Bb7 18.Nxd4 Rfd8 19.e5 Qe7 20.Be2 Nc6 21.Nb5 Ba6 22.a4 Bxb5 23.axb5 Nd4=] 16...f6 Contesting the advance of the white e-pawn. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:(a) 16...Qd6 17.f5 Rg8 18.Rae1 Re8 19.e5!? Rxe5 20.f6+ Kg8 21.Qh6 Qf8 22.Qf4 Re3 23.Qxd4 Qc5 24.Qxc5 bxc5 with sufficient compensation for the pawn.; (b) 16...Bg4 17.f5 Bxe2 18.f6+ Kh8 19.Bxe2 Rc8 20.Rad1 Nc4 21.Qxd4 Qxd4+ 22.Rxd4 Ne3=] 17.e5 Topalov offers to exchange pawns on e5 and gains space. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:(a) 17.Rac1 Qd6 18.f5 Bd7 19.Nf4 g5 20.e5!? Qxe5 21.Ne6+ Bxe6 22.Rfe1 Qd6 23.Rxe6 Qa3=/+; (b) 17.f5 Qd6 18.Rad1 Qe5 19.Rf3 Bd7 20.Ba6 Rae8 21.Qxd4 Rf7 22.Qxe5 Rxe5=] 17...Bd7 Activating his bishop, while leaving his d-pawn enprise. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:(a) 17...Bg4 18.Rae1 Rc8 19.exf6+ Rxf6 20.Ba6 Rc7 21.Qxd4 Nc6 22.Qxd8 Nxd8 23.Ng3 Nf7=; (b) 17...Qd5 18.Ng3 (18.f5 Qxe5 19.Rae1 Qe3+ 20.Qxe3 dxe3 21.fxg6 hxg6 22.Nf4 Re8=) ] 18.exf6+ [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:The program gave a better evaluation to the capture: 18.Nxd4 with a possible continuation being: 18... 18...Nc6 19.Nf3 fxe5 (19...Bg4 20.Rac1 Rc8 21.Qe3 Bxf3 22.Rxf3 fxe5 23.Ba6 Rc7 24.Bb5 Rf6 25.Bxc6 Qd4 26.fxe5 Qxe3+ 27.Rxe3 Rfxc6 28.Rf1 Rc1=/+) 20.Qc3 Bg4!? 21.Qxc6 Qxd3 22.Nxe5 Qd4+ 23.Kh1 Be2 24.Rfe1 Rae8 25.h3 Re7 26.Qc2 Ba6=] 18...Qxf6= Deep Rybka 3 evaluates this position as equal. 19.Ng3 Preparing to advance his f-pawn. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 19.f5 gxf5 (Worse is 19...Bxf5 20.g4 Rac8 21.gxf5 Nc4 22.Bxc4 Rxc4 23.fxg6 Qxg6++/-) 20.Ng3 Kh8 21.Bxf5 Bxf5 22.Nxf5 Nc6 23.Rf4 Qe5 24.Raf1 Rf6=/+] 19...Kh8 Kamsky spends a tempo to place his king in a more secure location. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:(a) 19...Nc6 20.f5 Qe7 21.Rae1 Ne5 22.Ba6 Rae8 23.Qxd4 Bxf5 24.Bb5 Bd7 25.Rxf8 Kxf8 26.Rxe5 Qxe5 27.Qxd7 Qc5+ =; (b) 19...Rae8 20.f5 Qh4 21.Rac1 Nc6 (21...Bc6 22.Rf4 Qg5 23.Rcf1 Re5 24.Qb2 Rd8 25.fxg6 hxg6) 22.Rf4 Qe7 23.Re4 Ne5 24.Rxd4 Nxd3 25.Rxd3 Bb5 26.Rd5 a6=] 20.f5 Creating the threat of 21.fxg5. 20...gxf5 Leaving Kamsky up two pawns. 21.Bxf5 Regaining a pawn and alllowing further simplification of the position/ [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 21.Nxf5 Rae8 22.Rf4 Qe5 23.Re4 Qf6 24.Rf4 Qe5=] 21...Bxf5 22.Rxf5 Regaining his piece and winning a tempo with the attack against Kamsky's Queen. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 22.Nxf5 Nc6 23.Rad1 (Worse is 23.Rf4 Qe5 24.Re1 Qa5 25.Qxa5 bxa5 26.Rc1 Nb4 27.Rf3 d3 28.a3 Na6 29.Nd4 Nc5=/+) 23...Rad8 24.h3 Qg6 25.g4 h5 26.Qf4 Rde8=] 22...Qd6 Kamsky of course had to move his queen to a square where it would still protect his passed d-pawn. 23.Raf1 Topalov forces Kamsky to keep his queen defending the double attacked rook on f8. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:(a) 23.Ne4 Qd7 24.Rxf8+ Rxf8 25.Rd1 Rf5 26.Qxd4+ Qxd4+ 27.Rxd4 Kg7 28.Rd7+ Rf7[] (the only move) with an equal position.; (b) 23.Qd3 Nc6 24.Rc1 Rg8 25.Rh5 Rg6 26.Nf5 Qf4 27.Re1 Qg4 28.Ng3 Rag8=] 23...Nc6 Overprotecting his d-pawn. 24.Ne4 Attacking Kamsky's queen threatening to win at least a tempo. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 24.Qc1 Rxf5 25.Nxf5 Qg6 26.h3 Rd8 27.Nh6 Re8 28.Nf7+ Kg7 29.Nh6 Kh8 =] 24...Qe7 Avoiding the loss of a tempo and threatening to win one by attacking Topalov's knight. 25.Qh6 Triple attacking Topalov's rook,threatening to win a rook via exchanges on f8. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 25.Rxf8+ Rxf8 26.Rxf8+ Qxf8 27.Qc1 Ne7 28.Qc7 Ng8 (28...Nc8 29.Ng5 Ne7 30.Qd6 Qg7=) ] 25...Rxf5 Simplying the position. 26.Rxf5 Topalov wins a tempo as Kamky's knight is enprise. 26...Ne5 The lost tempo. 27.h3 Topalov creates luft for his king and secures the h4 square. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 27.Qd2 d3 28.Nf2 Re8 29.Nxd3 Nxd3!? 30.Qxd3 Qe3+ 31.Qxe3 Rxe3 32.a4 (32.Rf7 Ra3 33.Rf2 b5 =/+) 32...Ra3 33.Rf4 Kg7 =] 27...Ng6 Creating a discovered attack against Topalov's knight.threatening to win a least a tempo. Deep Rybka 3 evaluates this position as =/+. 28.Rh5 Creating the threat of 29.Qxf6. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3:Another idea is to play 28.Nf6: 28.Nf6 with a possible continuation being: 28...Qg7 (28...Qe3+ 29.Qxe3 dxe3 30.Kf1 Rc8 31.Ng4 Kg7 32.Nxe3 Rc1+ 33.Ke2 Ra1 34.Kd3 Rxa2 35.Nc2 Nf8 =/+) 29.Qxg7+ Kxg7 30.Nh5+ Kh6 31.Rd5 d3 32.Nf6 Nf4 33.Rd6 Kg5 34.g3 Ne2+ 35.Kg2 h5 36.Nd7 h4 37.gxh4+ Kxh4=/+] 28...Rg8 [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 28...Kg8 !? 29.Nd6 (29.Nf6+!? Qxf6 30.Qxh7+ Kf8 (the only move) 31.Rh6 Re8 32.Rxg6 Re1+ 33.Kh2 Qe5+ 34.Rg3 Re3 35.Qg8+ Ke7 -/+ the only move) 29...Qe3+ 30.Qxe3 dxe3 31.Kf1 Rd8 32.Rd5 Ne7 33.Rg5+ Kf8 34.Nc4 Rd1+ 35.Ke2 Rc1 36.Nxe3 Ra1 37.Kf3 Rxa2 38.Rh5 Kg7 =/+] 29.Nf6 Threatening Qxh7+ Deep Rybka evaluates this position as equal (=) 29...Rg7 30.Nxh7 Regaining his pawn. 30...Rxh7 31.Qxg6 Creating a position of material equality. 31...Qe3+ winning a tempo. 32.Kf1 The lost tempo. [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 32.Kh1 Rxh5 33.Qxh5+ Kg7 (the only move) 34.Qg4+ Kf6 35.Qh4+ Kf7 =] 32...Qc1+ [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 32...Rxh5 33.Qxh5+ Kg7 34.Qg4+ Kh7 35.Qf5+ Kg8 36.Qg4+ Kh7 =] 33.Kf2 [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 33.Ke2 d3+!? 34.Qxd3 Qb2+ 35.Kf3 Rxh5 36.Qd8+ Kh7 37.Qd3+ (37.Qe7+ Kg6 38.Qe8+ Kh6 39.Qe6+ Kh7 40.Qe4+ Kh6 41.Qe6+ Kh7 42.Qe4+ Kh6=) 37...Kh6 38.Qd6+ And white could draw the game by perpetually checking the black king.] 33...Qd2+ 34.Kg3 Qe3+ 35.Kh2 Now Topalov threatens to checkmate Kamsky by playing 36.Qxh7# 35...Qf4+ [Analysis:Deep Rybka 3: 35...Rxh5 36.Qxh5+ Kg7 37.Qg4+ Kf6 (37...Kf7 38.Qd7+ Kf6 39.Qd6+ Kf5 40.Qd5+ Qe5+ 41.Qxe5+ Kxe5 =) 38.Qg3 Qe5 39.Qxe5+ Kxe5 40.Kg3 a5 =/+] 36.Kg1 Qc1+ The game was drawn at this point. 1/2-1/2

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Ego's trick is to make us lose sight of our interdependence. That kind of ego-thought gives us a perfect justification to look out only for ourselves. But that is far from the truth. In reality we all depend on each other and we have to help each other. The husband has to help his wife, the wife has to help the husband, the mother has to help her children, and the children are supposed to help the parents too, whether they want to or not.-Gehlek Rinpoche Source: "The Best Buddhist Writing 2005 pg. 165

The hostile attitude of conquering nature ignores the basic interdependence of all things and events---that the world beyond the skin is actually an extension of our own bodies---and will end in destroying the very environment from which we emerge and upon which our whole life depends.